Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.

Continue

skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Gríms saga loðinkinna — GrL

 

Gríms saga loðinkinna ‘The Saga of Grímr Hairy-cheek’ (GrL) is a short fornaldarsaga, which continues the family history of Ketill hœngr ‘Salmon’ by recounting the adventures of his son, Grímr, by the giantess-like Hrafnhildr, daughter of a Saami man named Brúni. Together with Ketils saga hœngs (Ket), Áns saga bogsveigis (Án) ‘Saga of Án Bow-bender’ and Ǫrvar-Odds saga (Ǫrv) ‘Saga of Arrow-Oddr’, this group of fornaldarsögur is often referred to as the sagas of the Hrafnistumenn, because all of their protagonists are claimed in their sagas to have come from the island of Hrafnista (Ramsta), off the coast of Namdalen, Norway. Although in their extant forms none of these sagas are preserved in mss earlier than the fifteenth century (except for two versions of Ǫrv, Holm perg 7 4° and AM 344 4°), there is reason to assume that some at least of the subject-matter, including some of the poetry recorded in the sagas, is older. See Introductions to the stanzas from Án, Ket and Ǫrv for references to the Hrafnistumenn in other Old Norse sources. In line with the normalisation policy of this edition, the texts of the stanzas edited here are normalised to a standard appropriate to Icelandic of the period 1250-1300.

GrL is extant in two late medieval mss plus one fifteenth-century fragment of a single leaf, AM 567 IV 4° (567IV). The saga contains seven stanzas, all of which appear in the two oldest complete mss of the saga, AM 343 a 4° (343a) of c. 1450-75 and AM 471 4° (471) of c. 1450-1500. As 343a also provides the best readings, its text has been adopted as the base ms. for this edition. Readings are also given from 471 and occasionally, when it has the better text, adopted from there. There are, in addition, more than forty paper mss from the seventeenth century and later, some of whose readings have been cited from time to time in the Notes, chief among them GKS 1006 folˣ (1006ˣ), AM 173 folˣ (173ˣ),  AM 340 4°ˣ (340ˣ), two codices from the seventeenth century bound together as AM 109 a 8°ˣ (109a Iˣ and 109a IIˣ; cf. Anderson 1990, 2, 73-5, 145), and AM 342 4°ˣ (342ˣ). On the four redactions or ms. traditions and their oldest representatives see Introduction to Ket. The ms. NKS 1778 b 4°ˣ contains stanzas which are radically different from those contained in other mss; however, it is uncertain whether they represent a genuine medieval tradition or were not perhaps composed by Björn Jónsson á Skarðsá (d. 1655; see Anderson 1990, 271-8, 426-8). A detailed discussion of the ms. tradition can be found in Anderson (1990, 1-13). Although not all seven stanzas appear in all the mss, the order in which they appear never varies.

The stanzas edited below are all composed in fornyrðislag metre. The first five stanzas constitute a hostile dialogue (senna) between Grímr and two beings described in the saga as troll-women (tröllkonur), Feima and Kleima, and has parallels in several other fornaldarsögur, as well as in HHj (cf. Introduction to sts 1-5 and Notes to GrL 1 and 5/8; cf. HjǪ ch. 12, FSGJ 4, 205-7; Frið ch. 3, FSGJ 3, 87-8). A similar hostile exchange appears in Ket ch. 5 (FSGJ 2, 168-72); here it is Grímr’s father Ketill hœngr who sails away on a hunting and fishing expedition during a famine and meets a troll-woman, Forað, whom he kills with one of the arrows known as Gusisnautar ‘Gusir’s gifts’; it is with one of these same arrows that Grímr kills Kleima (GrL ch. 1, FSGJ 2, 188). GrL 6 and 7 are spoken by Grímr in an episode which also has parallels in Ket (see Introduction to sts 6-7). In the corresponding episodes in Ket Grímr’s father Ketill also speaks several stanzas.

The following editions have been cited here: FSN 2, 145-6, 154-5, FSGJ 2, 186-8, Anderson 1990, 60-1, 66, 111-12, 121-2, 444-5, 448-9, 196; Edd. Min. 85, 96.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. FSN = Rafn, Carl Christian, ed. 1829-30. Fornaldar sögur nordrlanda. 3 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. FSGJ = Guðni Jónsson, ed. 1954. Fornaldar sögur norðurlanda. 4 vols. [Reykjavík]: Íslendingasagnaútgáfan.
  4. Edd. Min. = Heusler, Andreas and Wilhelm Ranisch, eds. 1903. Eddica Minora: Dichtungen eddischer Art aus den Fornaldarsögur und anderen Prosawerken. Dortmund: Ruhfus. Rpt. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
  5. Anderson, Sarah M. 1990. ‘The Textual Transmission of Two Fornaldarsögur: Ketils saga høings and Gríms saga loðinkinna’. Ph.D. thesis. Cornell University…
  6. Internal references
  7. 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Friðþjófs saga ins frœkna’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 190. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=8> (accessed 18 September 2021)
  8. (forthcoming), ‘ Anonymous, Áns saga bogsveigis’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. . <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=12> (accessed 18 September 2021)
  9. 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Ǫrvar-Odds saga’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 804. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=35> (accessed 18 September 2021)
  10. 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Hjálmþés saga ok Ǫlvis’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 488. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=49> (accessed 18 September 2021)
  11. 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Ketils saga hœngs’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 548. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=71> (accessed 18 September 2021)
  12. Not published: do not cite (KethVIII)
  13. Not published: do not cite ()
  14. Beatrice La Farge (ed.) 2017, ‘Gríms saga loðinkinna 1 (Grímr loðinkinni, Lausavísur 1)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 289.
  15. Beatrice La Farge (ed.) 2017, ‘Gríms saga loðinkinna 6 (Grímr loðinkinni, Lausavísur 4)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 296.
Close

Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.

Close

Information about a text: poem, sequence of stanzas, or prose work

This page is used for different resources. For groups of stanzas such as poems, you will see the verse text and, where published, the translation of each stanza. These are also links to information about the individual stanzas.

For prose works you will see a list of the stanzas and fragments in that prose work, where relevant, providing links to the individual stanzas.

Where you have access to introduction(s) to the poem or prose work in the database, these will appear in the ‘introduction’ section.

The final section, ‘sources’ is a list of the manuscripts that contain the prose work, as well as manuscripts and prose works linked to stanzas and sections of a text.