Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Drápa af Máríugrát (Mgr) - 52

not in Skj

Drápa af Máríugrát (‘Drápa about the Lament of Mary’) — Anon MgrVII

Kari Ellen Gade 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Drápa af Máríugrát’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 758-95.

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Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV]: [B. 2]. Máríugrátr (AII, 472-82, BII, 505-19)

SkP info: VII, 780-1

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

30 — Anon Mgr 30VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 30’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 780-1.

‘Skylt er að tjá, það er mildingr mælti
mána hauðrs í písl við dauða:
“Þystir mig,” kvað herra inn hæsti
hlýrna; má það aldri fyrnaz.
Geira lundar galli blandað
gumna þjóðir skapara bjóða
vínið súrt, en harm í hjarta
hafða eg riett, sem edik krafði.’

‘Er skylt að tjá, það er {mildingr {hauðrs mána}} mælti í písl við dauða: “Mig þystir,” kvað {inn hæsti herra hlýrna}; það má aldri fyrnaz. {Lundar geira}, þjóðir gumna, bjóða skapara súrt vínið blandað galli, sem krafði edik, en eg hafða harm riett í hjarta.’

‘I am obliged to tell what {the ruler {of the land of the moon}} [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)] said in his Passion near death: “I thirst,” said {the highest lord of the sun and moon} [= God (= Christ)]; that can never be forgotten. {The trees of spears} [WARRIORS], the crowds of men, offer the Creator the sour wine mixed with gall, as if he had asked for vinegar, and I had torment right in my heart.’

Mss: 713(126), 1032ˣ(69v), 920ˣ(208v)

Readings: [2] dauða: so 1032ˣ, 920ˣ, ‘dauð[...]’ 713    [3] kvað: so 1032ˣ, 920ˣ, ‘k[...]’ 713    [8] riett: so 1032ˣ, 920ˣ, ‘rie[...]’ 713;    edik: edik 713

Editions: Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV], [B. 2]. Máríugrátr 30: AII, 478, BII, 513-14, Skald II, 281, NN §§1664A, 1671, 2680B, 2690; Kahle 1898, 62, Sperber 1911, 37, 75, Wrightson 2001, 15.

Notes: [4] hlýrna ‘of the sun and moon’: See Note to 2/1. For the uneven rhyme (-ýrn- : -yrn-), see 21/2. — [6] þjóðir gumna ‘the crowds of men’: Skj B and Skald emend to þjóða gumna ‘of the people of men’, which is taken as an attributive to skapara ‘Creator’. — [8] riett (adv.) ‘right’: For this meaning of the adv., see Fritzner: rétt 3. — [8] sem krafði edikið ‘as if he had asked for vinegar’: For the addition of the def. art. for metrical reasons, see Note to 1/6 and NN §1664A. Edik ‘vinegar’ is a loanword from MLG edik ‘vinegar’ (from Lat. acetum ‘vinegar’). See AEW, ONP: edik. Earlier eds translate the cl. as ‘who asked for vinegar’. That translation makes little sense, because all gospels record that Jesus did not ask for the vinegar; rather, it was given to him as part of the torture when he said he was thirsty (see Matt. XXVII.48; Mark XV.36; John XIX.29; see also Sperber 1911, 75). Unless we assume that the poet did not know what vinegar was and thought it was drinkable, the verb krafði ‘asked for’ must be taken as subj. Although krefði would be expected, the <a> is established by the aðalhending with hafða, and perhaps also necessitated by it. Cf. Mar (1871, xvii): Oc her næst mællti minn sæti son Jesus: þyrstir mic. En ivdar gafo hanum edik við galli blandit ‘And after this my sweet son Jesus said: “I thirst.” But the Jews gave him vinegar mixed with gall’.

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