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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Markús Skeggjason (Mark)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Jayne Carroll;

Eiríksdrápa (Eirdr) - 32

Skj info: Markús Skeggjason, Isl. lovsigemand og skjald, d. 1107. (AI, 444-53, BI, 414-21).

Skj poems:
1. Eiríksdrápa
2. Knútsdrápa(?)
3. Kristsdrápa(?)
4. Lausavísur

Markús Skeggjason (Mark) was the son of Skeggi Bjarnason and possibly a brother of the poet Þórarinn Skeggjason (ÞSkegg). He was lawspeaker in Iceland from 1084 until his death on 15 October 1107. In Íslendingabók (Íslb, ÍF 1, 22) he is named as an important informant for Ari Þorgilsson about the lives of the earlier lawspeakers in Iceland. He had gained this information from his brother, father and grandfather. Markús appears to have had close ties to the Church: during his time as lawspeaker, and with his guidance, Gizurr Ísleifsson, bishop of Skálholt (1081-1118), established the Icel. tithe laws (ÍF 1, 22). Markús was among the most respected poets in the canon of the C13th and he is cited often in SnE and TGT (see below).

In Skáldatal, Markús is associated with S. Knútr Sveinsson of Denmark (d. 1086), Eiríkr inn góði ‘the Good’ Sveinsson of Denmark (d. 1103), and Ingi Steinkelsson of Sweden (d. 1110) (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 267, 271, 283, see also 348-53). An extended hrynhent poem about Eiríkr (Mark Eirdr), composed after his death in 1103, and one helmingr about ‘Sveinn’s brother’, probably S. Knútr (Mark KnútdrIII), survive, alongside one helmingr and a couplet from a possible drápa about Christ (Mark KristdrIII) and two lvv. (Mark Lv 1-2III). Aside from Eirdr, all of Markús’s extant poetry is transmitted in SnE or TGT, and it has been edited in SkP III.

Eiríksdrápa (‘Drápa about Eiríkr’) — Mark EirdrII

Jayne Carroll 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 432-60.

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Skj: Markús Skeggjason: 1. Eiríksdrápa, o. 1104 (AI, 444-52, BI, 414-20); stanzas (if different): 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32

SkP info: II, 447

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

17 — Mark Eirdr 17II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 17/3

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 17/8

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’blés 17/4

borg (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -; -ir] ‘city, stronghold...’borgum 17/1

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’drengir 17/7

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-] ‘edge, blade...’eggjar 17/6

Eiríkr (noun m.) ‘Eiríkr...’Eirekr 17/5

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 17/7

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fell 17/8

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’harðir 17/3

heitr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘hot, ardent...’heitan 17/8

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’ — 17/1

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’hilmi 17/4

hjaldrganga (noun f.) ‘[battle-advance]...’ — 17/2

hǫrgr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘cairn, shrine...’Hǫrga 17/1

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 17/1

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’jǫrn 17/7

knýja (verb) ‘press forward, urge, drive...’kníðusk 17/3

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’lífi 17/6

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’menn 17/3

1merki (noun n.) [°-s: -] ‘banner, sign...’ — 17/4

1morð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘killing, battle...’morði 17/3

oddr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘point of weapon...’odda 17/5

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 17/4

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggja 17/6

1skúr (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘shower...’skúrir 17/5

2snara (verb) ‘turn (quickly)...’snǫruð 17/2

sterkr (adj.) ‘strong...’sterkan 17/4

sveiti (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’ — 17/8

syngja (verb) ‘sing...’sungu 17/7

sœfa (verb) ‘die, kill...’sœfðusk 17/7

týna (verb) ‘lose, destroy...’týndu 17/6

4vaka (verb) ‘awaken...’vakði 17/5

valkǫstr (noun m.) ‘corpse-pile...’valkǫst 17/8

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’vas 17/2

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’varðisk 17/1

þangat (adv.) ‘there, thither...’ — 17/2


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