Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hjǫrtr (Hjǫrtr)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Lausavísur (Lv) - 3

Skj info: Hjǫrtr, Islænder, 11. årh. (AI, 403, BI, 372-3).

Skj poems:
Lausavísur

Very little is known about Hjǫrtr (which, if translated, would mean ‘Deer’). According to Hemings þáttr Áslákssonar (Hem in Hr and Hb), he was an Icelander who was sent by Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson as an envoy to Russia in 1065-6 to retrieve a bag of goatskin filled with gold which Haraldr had left with his wife, Ellisif (Elizabeth) (see Hb 1892-6, 331-3; Fellows Jensen 1962, 37-9). He is also mentioned in the first part of the þáttr in Flat, where his patronymic is given as Óláfsson (Flat 196-8, III, 401). Because that information is lacking in the other versions (see Fellows Jensen 1962, 1), it is likely a Flat innovation.

Lausavísur — Hjǫrtr LvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Hjǫrtr, Lausavísur’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 344-7.

 1   2   3 

Skj: Hjǫrtr: Lausavísur, 1066 (AI, 403, BI, 372-3)

SkP info: II, 347

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Hjǫrtr Lv 3II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Hjǫrtr, Lausavísur 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 347.

Munat í vári        vestr langskipum
hugragr of haf        Haraldr fara.
Því mun lengi        lafhræddr konungr
alls andvani        Englands ok vegs.

Hugragr Haraldr munat fara langskipum vestr of haf í vári. Því mun lafhræddr konungr lengi andvani alls Englands ok vegs.

Cowardly-minded Haraldr will not travel on long-ships west across the sea this spring. Therefore the terror-stricken king will long be bereft of all England and of honour.

Mss: 326bˣ(23v) (Hb)

Readings: [8] vegs: ‘vex’ 326bˣ

Editions: Skj: Hjǫrtr, Lausavísur 3: AI, 403, BI, 373, Skald I, 185-6; Hb 1892-6, 332-3, Fellows Jensen 1962, 39 (Hem).

Context: King Haraldr asks Hjǫrtr whether Queen Ellisif (Elizabeth) has sent a message for him. Hjǫrtr replies that she recited the following st.

Notes: [3] hugragr ‘cowardly-minded’: Lit. ‘mind-perverse’. For the sexual implications of the second element of this cpd, see Fritzner: ragr 2 and Gade 1986 (and the bibliography cited there). See also Note to Lv 2/7 above. — [4]: Note the internal rhyme (-ar- : -ar-) which renders the l. tøglag rather than fornyrðislag. — [6] lafhræddr ‘terror-stricken’: This lit. means ‘be so afraid that the hands are dangling by the side’ (see Fritzner: lafhræddr and Note to Lv 1/6 above). — [8] vegs ‘of honour’: For the ms. spelling ‘vex’, see ANG §239.1.b.

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