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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gullásu-Þórðr (GullásÞ)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

2. Lausavísa (Lv) - 1

Skj info: Gullôsu-Þórðr, Islænder, 12. årh. (AI, 453, BI, 421-2).

Skj poems:
1. Víðkunnsdrápa
2. Lausavísa

Gullásu-Þórðr (GullásÞ) was a young Icelander who came to Norway in the days of King Eysteinn Magnússon (d. 1122) and took up with the wealthy Norw. widow Gull-Ása ‘Gold-Ása’, a kinswoman of the district chieftain Víðkunnr Jónsson of Bjarkøy (for Víðkunnr, see ‘Biographies of Other Dignitaries’ in Introduction to this vol.). Þórðr became a prosperous merchant and eventually married Ása (see SnE 1848-87, III, 748-50; Mork 1928-32, 359-64; Fms 7, 111-18; ÍF 11, 337-49). He is otherwise unknown. The story of Þórðr and Ása is told in Gull-Ásu-Þórðar þáttr (GullÁsuÞ) and preserved in MsonaMork (Mork), MsonaH-Hr (H, Hr) and in AM 518 4°ˣ (518ˣ). The original þáttr, which formed the basis for the extant narratives, must have been composed prior to 1217 (ÍF 11, cxvi). GullÁsuÞ has been edited (from 518ˣ with variants from Mork, H and Hr) in ÍF 11, 337-49.

Lausavísa — GullásÞ LvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘ Gullásu-Þórðr, Lausavísa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 471-2. <> (accessed 19 January 2022)


Skj: Gullôsu-Þórðr: 2. Lausavísa (AI, 453, BI, 421-2); stanzas (if different): [v]

SkP info: II, 471-2

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — GullásÞ Lv 1II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gullásu-Þórðr, Lausavísa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 471-2.

Nú tekr ýgr at œgja
ofkúgi mér drjúgum;
þinn hefr hǫlðr of hlannat
hjaldrgegninn mik tjaldi.
Trautt munk lausan láta,
linnbóls gjafi, at sinni
vísan þjóf, þótt váfi
vôn mín und hlut þínum.

Nú tekr ýgr ofkúgi at œgja mér drjúgum; hjaldrgegninn hǫlðr þinn hefr of hlannat mik tjaldi. {Gjafi {linnbóls}}, munk trautt láta vísan þjóf lausan at sinni, þótt vôn mín váfi und hlut þínum.

Now the fierce oppressor begins to frighten me excessively; your pugnacious man has stolen the awning from me. {Bestower {of the snake-lair}} [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN], I’m reluctant to release a proven thief this time, although my future may hang upon your decision.

Mss: Mork(27v) (Mork); H(101r), Hr(68ra) (H-Hr); 518ˣ(2r)

Readings: [1] œgja: ‘ygia’ 518ˣ    [2] of‑: ‘ofur‑’ 518ˣ;    ‑kúgi (‘‑kuginn’): ‑kúgan Hr    [3] þinn hefr hǫlðr of hlannat: ‘þui mun reckur of hlunar’ 518ˣ;    hlannat: ‘hlammat’ Hr    [4] hjaldrgegninn mik tjaldi: ‘hialldur geinginn mar tiallder’ 518ˣ    [6] linn‑: so Hr, 518ˣ, lind‑ Mork, H;    ‑bóls: ‘‑kols’ 518ˣ;    gjafi: ‘giafur’ 518ˣ    [7] þótt: þó Hr    [8] mín: ‘þyn’ 518ˣ;    und: so H, um Mork, undir Hr, of 518ˣ;    þínum: ‘mynum’ 518ˣ

Editions: Skj: Gullôsu-Þórðr, 2. Lausavísa: AI, 453, BI, 421-2, Skald I, 208, NN §920; Mork 1867, 172, Mork 1928-32, 362, Andersson and Gade 2000, 332, 489 (Msona); Fms 7, 114-15 (Msona ch. 25); ÍF 11, 343-4 (GullÁsuÞ).

Context: A servant of the district chieftain Ingimarr Sveinsson (Ingimarr) has stolen the awning from Þórðr’s ship. Þórðr captures the thief, Ingimarr demands that Þórðr release him and Þórðr recites this st. in response.

Notes: [1, 2] ýgr ofkúgi ‘fierce oppressor’: I.e. Ingimarr Sveinsson. He is described as inn mesti ofsamaðr ‘the most ruthless man’ (ÍF 11, 342). Ingimarr died at the battle of Färlev in 1134 (see Ingimarr Biography and Lv). Skj B and Skald give the form ofrkúgi ‘oppressor’ (l. 2; so 518ˣ), but that is not warranted by the majority of ms. witnesses. See also Balti Sigdr 1/7 and LP: ofkúgi, ofrkúgi. — [4] hjaldrgegninn ‘pugnacious’: This adj. can either be m. acc. sg. or m. nom. sg. Skj B takes it as an acc. qualifying mik (m. acc. sg.) ‘me’, but Kock (NN §920) argues that, from the point of view of w. o., it ought to modify the subject þinn hǫlðr ‘your man’ (so also ÍF 11). The argument based on w. o. is untenable, because the adj. could equally well qualify the word in metrical position 4 (mik) in ll. of this type (see Gade 1995a, 79-82). In terms of the context, however, it makes sense to follow Kock’s recommendation because Þórðr is a peaceful merchant and presents himself as the wronged party in this st.

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