Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Glúmr Geirason (Glúmr)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

2. Gráfeldardrápa (Gráf) - 15

Skj info: Glúmr Geirason, Islandsk skjald omkr. 950-75. (AI, 75-8, BI, 65-8).

Skj poems:
1. Kvad om Erik blodøkse
2. Gráfeldardrápa
3. Lausavísa

Glúmr Geirason (Glúmr) was the son of Geiri (patronymic unknown), a Norwegian who settled in Iceland. Glúmr was born there in the early tenth century and moved with his father and brother from Mývatn, via Húnavatn, to Króksfjörður, Breiðafjörður, because of some killings (Ldn, ÍF 1, 284; he is also mentioned in ÍF 1, 154, 161, 238 and appears in Reykdœla saga, ÍF 10, 204-12). He married Ingunn Þórólfsdóttir, and their son was Þórðr Ingunnarson, who features in Laxdœla saga (ÍF 5, 86-7). Glúmr is named in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273, 274) as the poet of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’ (d. c. 954) and Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’ (d. c. 970), and poems for both survive in part. Considerably more of Gráfeldardrápa (Gráf) survives than of the Poem about Eiríkr blóðøx (EirIII), though there is some difficulty in assigning certain stanzas to one or other poem (see Introduction to Gráf). Glúmr is the subject of HaukrV Ísldr 11IV, which depicts him as a zealous fighter who was with Haraldr gráfeldr at his victory at Fitjar (c. 961). Glúmr’s presence at the battle is somewhat in doubt, however, since although the Fsk text of his lausavísa on the subject (Glúmr Lv) contains sák ‘I saw’, the Hkr and ÓT mss have frák ‘I have heard’. From Glúmr Gráf it is clear that Glúmr outlived Haraldr (see Introduction). Edited below are Gráf and Lv, while the fragment of Eir is edited in SkP III since it is preserved only in SnE and TGT.

Gráfeldardrápa (‘Drápa about (Haraldr) gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’’) — Glúmr GráfI

Alison Finlay 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Glúmr Geirason, Gráfeldardrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 245.

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Skj: Glúmr Geirason: 2. Gráfeldardrápa, c 970 (AI, 75-8, BI, 66-8); stanzas (if different): 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14

SkP info: I, 255

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

6 — Glúmr Gráf 6I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Alison Finlay (ed.) 2012, ‘Glúmr Geirason, Gráfeldardrápa 6’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 255.

Austr rauð jǫfra þrýstir
orðrakkr fyr bý norðan
brand, þars bjarmskar kindir,
brinnanda, sák rinna.
Gótt hlaut gumna sættir
(geirveðr) í fǫr þeiri
(ǫðlingi fekksk ungum)
orð (á Vínu borði).

{Orðrakkr þrýstir jǫfra} rauð brinnanda brand austr fyr norðan bý, þars sák bjarmskar kindir rinna. {Sættir gumna} hlaut gótt orð í þeiri fǫr; {geirveðr} fekksk ungum ǫðlingi á borði Vínu.

{The word-bold crusher of princes} [KING = Haraldr] reddened the flashing sword in the east, north of the settlement, where I saw Permian people flee. {The reconciler of men} [KING = Haraldr] gained a good reputation on that expedition; {a spear-storm} [BATTLE] was granted to the young prince on the banks of the Dvina.

texts: HGráf 16 (I 100), ÓT 35, Hkr 127 (I 100)

editions: Skj Glúmr Geirason: 2. Gráfeldardrápa 5 (AI, 76; BI, 66-7);

Skald I, 41NN §§258, 2739, 2987B; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 248, IV, 69, ÍF 26, 217-18, Hkr 1991, I, 145 (HGráf ch. 14), F 1871, 93-4; Fms 1, 63Fms 12, 33, ÓT 1958-2000, I, 64 (ch. 40).

sources

AM 35 folx (Kx) 117r, 32 - 117v, 7 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 20va, 25 - 20va, 28 (Hkr)  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 71r, 6 - 71r, 10 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 67v, 29 - 68r, 6 (Hkr)  image  
AM 325 VIII 1 4° (325VIII 1) 2va, 35 - 2va, 35 [1-3] (Hkr)  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 8ra, 7 - 8ra, 10 (ÓT)  image  image  
AM 53 fol (53) 5va, 18 - 5va, 21 (ÓT)  image  
AM 54 fol (54) 1ra, 3 - 1ra, 6 (ÓT)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 10va, 27 - 10va, 30 (ÓT)  image  
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