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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Lilja (Lil) - 100

not in Skj

Lilja (‘Lily’) — Anon LilVII

Martin Chase 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Lilja’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 544-677.

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Skj: Eysteinn Ásgrímsson: Lilja (AII, 363-95, BII, 390-416)

SkP info: VII, 573-5

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

11 — Anon Lil 11VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 11’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 573-5.

Breytti guð og brá til hætti
blóð og hold af vatni og moldu,
liettan blástr af lofti næsta,
lífs heitleika af sólar reitum,
önd og þar til síðan sendi;
er skiljandi drottins vilja;
leið kunnandi um líkams æðar,
líf skínanda af helgum anda.


God transformed and changed his behaviour, blood and flesh from water and soil, the light breath from the nearest air, the warmth [lit. warmths] of life from {the paths of the sun}, [SKY/HEAVEN] and then he sent a soul there; it is discerning the Lord’s will, knowing the path through the body’s blood vessels, the shining life from the Holy Spirit.

notes: Behind this st. is the traditional notion that after creating the cosmos, God set out on a new, analogous course of action, and created man, the microcosmos. Cf. the ON Eluc: callasc hann af þui enn minne heimr. þuiat hann hafþe hold af iorþo enn bloþ af vatne blost af lofste enn hita af elde ‘he is therefore called microcosm, the small world. He got his flesh from the earth and his blood from the water, his breath from the air, and his warmth from the fire’ (Eluc 1992, 14-15). There is also a shift from the creation of the lower animals to the creation of man, who has a rational soul and thus can know God. Cf. Stjórn (Unger 1862, 20): Madrinn med sinni skynsemd [cf. Lil 5/2] er eigi þaleidis skapaðr lutr ok nidr leitr sem skynlaus kuikendi. er hans likams uo᷎xtr rettr formeradr upp til himinsins sua sem sealfan hann aaminnandi. at hann hafi aa þann haat sin hugskotz augu ok skilningaruit til himneskra hluta. sem hans likamligh augu skilningaruit ok aaseona ueit upp til himinsins ‘The man with his discernment is not thus created bowed over and bent downward like insensible creatures. The growth of his body is upright toward heaven, so he can remind himself that, in that way, he should have his mind’s eye and his discernment turned towards heavenly things: like his bodily eyes, his discernment also turns its glance up towards heaven’.

editions: Skj Eysteinn Ásgrímsson: Lilja 11 (AII, 366-7; BII, 393); Skald II, 213-4, NN §3309.


Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 113vb, 15 - 113vb, 19  transcr.  image  image  
AM 720 a VIII 4° (720a VIII) 2r, 1 - 2r, 3  transcr.  image  image  
AM 99 a 8° (99a) 3r, 3 - 3r, 10  transcr.  image  image  
AM 622 4° (622) 25, 2 - 25, 6  transcr.  image  
AM 713 4° (713) 6, 29 - 6, 31  transcr.  image  image  image  
Vísnabók (Vb) 247 - 247  
DKNVSB 41 8°x (41 8°x) 107, 5 - 107, 12  transcr.  image  
AM 705 4°x (705x) 4r - 4v  transcr.  
BLAdd 4892 (4892) 26r - 26r  transcr.  image  
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