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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þórarinn loftunga (Þloft)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Matthew Townend;

2. Tøgdrápa (Tøgdr) - 8

Skj info: Þórarinn loftunga, Islandsk skjald, 11. årh. (AI, 322-7, BI, 298-301).

Skj poems:
1. Hǫfuðlausn
2. Tøgdrápa
3. Glælognskviða

Few biographical facts are known about Þórarinn loftunga ‘Praise-tongue’ (Þloft). In introducing Þórarinn’s service to King Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson (Cnut the Great), Snorri Sturluson (ÍF 27, 307; cf. ÓH 1941, I, 473) records in general terms that he was an Icelander and a great poet (skáld mikit) who had spent a great deal of time with kings and other chieftains. Knýtl (ÍF 35, 124) gives a similar portrait, and adds that Þórarinn was gamall ‘old’ when he first came to Knútr. However, all of Þórarinn’s extant poetry derives from his service to Knútr and his son Sveinn, and these are the only monarchs for whom Þórarinn is recorded as a poet in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 258, 267). Þorm Lv 10/1-2 also refers to Knútr rewarding Þórarinn with gold over a long period (for the anecdote in which it is quoted see ÓHLeg 1982, 124-8; ÓH 1941, II, 799-804), and his pre-Knútr career must remain hypothetical. Parts of three poems are preserved: Hǫfuðlausn (Hfl) and Tøgdrápa (Tøgdr) for Knútr, and Glælognskviða (Glækv) for Sveinn, probably composed in this order, and between c. 1027 and 1034; for circumstances of composition and preservation see individual Introductions below. The evidence of the poems suggests that Þórarinn entered Knútr’s service in either England or Denmark, accompanied him on his journey to Norway in 1028, and after 1030 remained at Sveinn’s court in Norway at least until c. 1032. For previous discussions of Þórarinn’s career see LH I, 601-3, Malcolm (1993), and Townend (2005, 256-7).

Tøgdrápa — Þloft TøgdrI

Matthew Townend 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þórarinn loftunga, Tøgdrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 851.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

Skj: Þórarinn loftunga: 2. Tøgdrápa, 1028 (AI, 322-324, BI, 298-299); stanzas (if different): 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

in texts: Flat, Fsk, Hkr, Knýtl, ÓH, ÓHHkr, ÓHLeg, Skm, SnE

SkP info: I, 851

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

1. Kx - 428r/1-428r/18 (MT)
Knutr er und solar | sið nemr með liþ | fór mioc micit | miɴ vinr þinig | førði or firði | fimr gramr lima | út olítinn | otrheims flota
2. Kx - 428r/9-428r/16 (MT)
Ugþu egþir | ꜹrbeiþis fǫr | svans sigrlana | sꜹc rammir mioc | alt var gulli | grams scip framit |várom sión sꜹgo | slícs ríkare
3. Kx - 428r/17-428r/24 (MT)
Oc fyr lista | liþo fram viþir | hádyrs um haf | hart kolsvartir | bygt var iɴan | allt brimgalltar | suðr sæsciðom | sund eikunda
4. Kx - 428r/25-428v/3 (MT)
Oc fyr fornan | friðmenn liþo | hꜹg hiǫrnagla | hvast griðfastir | þar er stoð fyr stað || stafnklifs drifo | vara eyðilig | orbeiðis fǫr
5. Kx - 428v/4-428v/11 (MT)
Knátto súþir | svangs mioc langar | byr rꜹmm bera | brim dyr fyr stim | sva liþo suɴan | svalheims valar | at com norðr i nið | nytr h[…]flyter
6. Kx - 428v/12-428v/19 (MT)
Þa ga[…] sinom | sniallr g[…]vallan | noreg […]fa niótr | veg iótra | þa gaf sinum | segi ec þat megi | dals d[…]cksalar | danmorc svana
8. R - 33r/12-33r/13
Gat ec gvllskata gꜹr er leygs of bꜹr gꜹtv guɴ | vita graps tꜹg drapv
A - 10r/32-10r/32 (VEÞ)
Gat ek gvllskata ger ær logs vm bǫr gǫtv gvnnvita ⸍⸍ graps tǫgdrápv |
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