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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gunnlaugr Leifsson (GunnLeif)

13th century; volume 8; ed. Russell Poole;

VIII. 2. Merlínusspá II (Merl II) - 68

Skj info: Gunnlaugr Leifsson, Islandsk munk, d. 1218 (AII, 10-36, BII, 10-45).

Skj poems:
Merlínússpá I
Merlínússpá II

Gunnlaugr Leifsson (GunnLeif, d. 1218 or 1219) was a monk at the Benedictine house of Þingeyrar, a monastery near the shores of Húnaflói, in northern Iceland, that maintained close relations with the seat of the bishop at Hólar (Turville-Petre 1953, 135). Nothing is known concerning Gunnlaugr’s place of birth, upbringing or social origins. He was regarded in his own time as a man of singular Latin learning (LH II, 394-5) and worked in a distinguished historiographic and hagiographic milieu (de Vries 1964-7, II, 246). In a rare personal anecdote, perhaps apocryphal, Arngrímr Brandsson, a Benedictine monk and abbot at Þingeyrar (d. 1361 or 1362), tells that Gunnlaugr attempted to recite his new history of Saint Ambrose at the church at Hólar but was rebuffed by Bishop Guðmundr Arason (LH II, 394-5; Ciklamini 2008, 1). The two men were evidently on good terms at an earlier stage, however (Ciklamini 2004, 66), and, while bishop at Hólar, Guðmundr commissioned Gunnlaugr to prepare a life of Jón helgi ‘the Saint’ Ǫgmundarson and an account of portents and miracles pertaining to Þorlákr Þórhallsson, both in Latin (LH II, 394-5). 

Works ascribed to Gunnlaugr that survive in one form or other include the Latin life of Jón helgi, represented by a close Icelandic translation; the account of Þorlákr’s miracles; a Latin expansion of Gunnlaugr’s Þingeyrar colleague Oddr Snorrason’s life of King Óláfr Tryggvason, extant in the shape of excerpts translated into Icelandic; an Icelandic original version of Þorvalds þáttr víðfǫrla ‘The Tale of Þorvaldr the Far-traveller’ that may at one time have formed part of the life of Óláfr; and a now entirely lost life of Saint Ambrose (LH II, 394-403; Turville-Petre 1953, 194-200; Bekker-Nielsen 1958; de Vries 1964-7, II, 245-7; Würth 1998, 205-6; Ciklamini 2004, 66; Katrín Axelsdóttir 2005). The only work ascribed to Gunnlaugr that appears to survive in a relatively complete state is Merlínusspá ‘The Prophecies of Merlin’ (Merl I and II). It is also the sole medieval instance of a direct verse translation into Icelandic from Latin prose (Würth 1998, 206).

notes
no FJ abbr

Merlínusspá II — GunnLeif Merl IIVIII (Bret)

Russell Poole 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Gunnlaugr Leifsson, Merlínusspá II’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 134.

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Skj: Gunnlaugr Leifsson: Merlínússpá I, fri oversættelse (AII, 10-21, BII, 10-24); stanzas (if different): 43, 45/1-4 | 44 | 45/5-8

in texts: Bret

SkP info: VIII, 134

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

af (prep.) ‘from...’af 8/12, 7/3, 7/8, 20/8, 21/7, 38/7, 41/6, 59/7, 61/8

akr (noun m.) [°akrs, dat. akri; akrar] ‘field...’ǫkrum 25/3

ala (verb) [°elr; ól, ólu; alinn] ‘to beget, produce, procreate...’alinn 27/8, alinn 46/2

2aldin (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘orchard...’aldini 21/2, aldini 25/4

aldr (noun m.) [°aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar] ‘life, age...’ — 6/4

aldrigi (adv.) ‘never...’aldregi 42/3

allr (adj.) ‘all...’alla 13/7, alla 46/12, allar 10/4, allir 7/2, allir 7/7, allir 16/8, allir 28/1, alls 64/3, alt 8/7, ǫll 66/1, ǫllu 67/4

anda (verb) [°-að-] ‘breathe, live; (past part.) die...’Andar 10/5

andlit (noun n.) [°-s] ‘face...’ — 38/3

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’aðrir 14/7, annan 58/6, annan 59/6, 7/1, ǫðru 8/7

1ari (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘eagle...’ara 36/6

aska (noun f.) [°ǫsku/asku; *-ur] ‘°ashes...’ǫsku 8/11, ǫsku 8/12

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 8/7, 8/9, 8/10, 8/11, 9/1, 14/9, 16/7, 27/6, 44/1, 45/4, 47/6, 53/8, 57/2, 57/4, 60/1

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 9/5, 33/8, 46/6, 46/10, 67/5

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 2/3, 4/4, 6/2, 7/6, 10/1, 10/2, 15/3, 20/10, 28/4, 32/8, 38/2, 39/4, 40/6, 44/6, 50/1, 50/6, 52/5, 52/7, 53/4, 55/1, 61/6

auðigr (adj.) [°auðgan/auðigan; compar. auðgari/auðigri, superl. auðgastr/auðigastr] ‘wealthy...’auðga 9/3

1auðr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘wealth...’auð 6/3

auga (noun n.) [°auga; augu/augun, gen. augna] ‘eye...’augu 38/4

1auka (verb) [°eykr; jók, jóku/juku] ‘(str. intrans.) increase...’eykr 6/3, eykr 20/3

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/5, 2/7, 8/6, 10/6, 28/10, 29/4, 32/3, 34/5, 36/5, 37/2, 38/6, 43/5, 45/1, 46/1, 48/2, 51/1, 55/5, 59/1

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 8/8, 18/4

bana (verb) [°-að-] ‘kill...’banar 43/7, banar 44/8

bani (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘death, killer...’bana 18/2

barmi (noun m.) ‘brother...’barmar 29/7

barn (noun n.) [°-s; bǫrn/barn(JKr 345³), dat. bǫrnum/barnum] ‘child...’barna 65/2, bǫrn 36/10, bǫrnum 61/4

baugr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ring...’bauga 54/8

báðir (pron.) [°gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði] ‘both...’báða 10/8, báða 44/7, 29/6, 40/5

bál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘fire...’báls 1/2

beiskr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bitter...’beisku 6/8

2beita (verb) [°-tt-] ‘beat, tack...’ — 29/2

2bekkr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s, dat. -/-i; -ir] ‘spring...’bekki 7/3

2ben (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’ — 35/7

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’ — 8/6, Berr 11/5, berr 14/4, bornir 48/4

bergja (verb) [°-gð-] ‘taste...’ — 7/4, bergt 6/7

2berja (verb) [°barði; barðr/bariðr/barinn] ‘fight...’berjask 15/3, Berjask 60/5

betri (adj. comp.) [°superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.] ‘better, best...’beztr 6/2

biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’Biðjum 67/1

bíða (verb) [°bíðr; beið, biðu; beðit] ‘wait, suffer, experience...’bíð 40/8, bíðr 44/4

bíta (verb) [°bítr; beit, bitu; bitinn] ‘bite...’bítr 35/3, bítr 44/7

bjarnígull (noun m.) ‘°(a sort of) hedgehog...’ — 19/1, 22/1

bjóða (verb) [°býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)] ‘offer, order, invite...’býðr 41/5

bjǫrn (noun m.) [°bjarnar, dat. birni; birnir, acc. bjǫrnu] ‘bear, Bjǫrn...’birni 39/6, 27/5, 30/3

2blása (verb) [°blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn] ‘blow...’blæss 38/3

bogi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘bow...’boga 34/11

borg (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -; -ir] ‘city, stronghold...’ — 9/4, 11/10, 18/1, 19/2, 20/9, borgar 5/3, borgir 35/10

1bók (noun f.) [°bǿkr/bókar; bǿkr] ‘book...’ — 63/3

bragnar (noun m.) ‘men, warriors...’bragna 67/2, brǫgnum 63/4

bragr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘poem, poetry...’brag 4/8

bregða (verb) [°bregðr/brigðr; brá, brugðu; brugðinn/brogðinn] ‘pull, jerk, break; change...’ — 60/3, bregðr 35/7

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiðu 1/5

Breti (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘Briton...’Breta 37/8

Bretland (noun n.)Bretlandi 1/6, Bretlands 15/4, Bretlands 32/3

brezkr (adj.) ‘British...’ — 43/8, brezkri 4/7

brigðr (adj.) ‘fickle...’ — 44/3

brjóta (verb) [°brýtr; braut, brutu; brotinn] ‘to break, destroy...’brotnar 35/9

1brott (adv.) ‘away...’ — 29/8

bróðir (noun m.) [°bróður/brǿðr/bróðurs, dat. bróður/brǿðr/breðr, acc. bróður/brǿðr; brǿðr/bróðr/breðr (brǿðrirnir Jvs291 75¹⁴), gen. brǿ---] ‘brother...’brœðr 28/2, Brœðr 29/1, brœðr 40/1, brœðra 44/3

brunnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘spring, well...’brunna 6/1, brunna 8/2, brunna 10/6, brunnar 5/4

brúðr (noun f.) [°brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir] ‘woman, bride...’brúðr 10/7, brúðar 11/4

brúsi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘he-goat...’brúsa 48/5

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’ — 31/2, búask 32/4, búnir 15/3, býr 22/2

1búi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘dweller, inhabitant...’ — 28/9

byggð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘dwelling, settlement...’byggðum 35/8

bǫlgjarn (adj.)bǫlgjǫrn 48/6

dagr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar] ‘day...’dag 67/7, dǫgum 46/1

dalr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i/-a] ‘valley...’dal 26/2

danskr (adj.) ‘Danish...’danska 57/1, danski 15/6

2dauðr (adj.) ‘dead...’ — 37/6

dáð (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘feat, deed...’dôð 64/5

dáðlauss (adj.) [°·lausan; compar. ·lausari, superl. ·lausastr] ‘°without virtue, incapable, lacking in c...’dáðlausir 48/7

1deyja (verb) [°deyr; dó, dó(u); dá(i)nn] ‘die...’ — 7/7

dolgþorinn (adj.)dolgþorins 47/7

2draga (verb) [°dregr; dró, drógu; dreginn/droget(Hirð NKS 1642 4° 146v²⁹; cf. [$962$])] ‘drag, pull, draw...’dragask 31/3, Dregr 34/1

draumr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘dream...’draums 53/6

1drekka (noun f.) [°-u] ‘[drink, banquet]...’drekku 7/4

2drekka (verb) [°drekkr; drakk, drukku; drukkinn/drykkinn] ‘drink...’ — 6/4, 7/8, 47/8, 52/4, drekkr 11/1

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’drengs 47/7

drepa (verb) [°drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn] ‘kill, strike...’drepnir 18/6, drepr 14/1

drjúgr (adj.) [°compar. -ari (drýgari [$1033$] „ ms. 56v‰, superl. -astr] ‘very, excessive...’drjúgan 34/3, drjúgum 53/5

1drótt (noun f.) ‘troop...’ — 57/2, dróttar 67/8

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’dróttin 64/6

drýgja (verb) [°-gð-] ‘cause, practise...’Drýgjum 64/5

dylja (verb) [°dulði; dulðr/duliðr/dulinn (præs. sg. 3. pers. dyll Hirð 401²³, etc., dyl FrostKrᴵ 152¹⁹, etc.)] ‘conceal...’Dyljask 53/5

dynr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘din...’dyn 34/3

1dýr (noun n.) [°-s (spec.: dyʀiɴs KonrA 66⁴‡, etc., cf. Seip 1955 188-189); -] ‘animal...’dýr 17/2, 21/1, 22/8

dýrð (noun f.) [°-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir] ‘glory...’dýrðar 66/4

dýrr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr] ‘precious...’dýra 11/2, dýrra 34/4

dœgr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘day and night; 24h period...’ — 67/7

dǫglingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’ — 37/5, dǫglings 48/8

eða (conj.) ‘or...’ — 65/7

3ef (conj.) ‘if...’ — 6/4

efla (verb) [°-fld-/-að-(RómvUpph¹ 382²⁴)] ‘strengthen...’eflum 66/7, eflð 67/3

1eiðrofi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘°oath-breaker, perjurer...’eiðrofa 18/3

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’at 3/2, á 28/5, á 44/2

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’ — 27/3, 65/6

eik (noun f.) [°eikr/eikar; eikr] ‘oak...’eikr 26/8

1einn (num. cardinal) [°f. ein, n. eitt; pl. einir; superl. debil. -asti(Anna238(2001) 155³²)] ‘one; alone...’ — 6/1, 42/7, einum 41/6

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 42/3, 62/5, mér 42/1

2ekki (adv.) ‘not...’ — 53/8

1elska (noun f.) [°-u] ‘love...’elskum 64/6

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’en* 20/9, 8/5, 8/8, 8/12, 11/9, 14/5, 14/7, 17/1, 21/1, 22/1, 23/6, 26/1, 29/5, 30/5, 32/5, 36/5, 37/1, 38/1, 38/5, 39/1, 39/5, 40/1, 41/1, 43/5, 44/5, 58/1, 58/8, 60/2, 65/5

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’ — 54/5

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 36/8

epli (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘apple...’epla 21/8, eplum 22/3

eptir (prep.) ‘after, behind...’ept 26/1, ept 58/1

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’’s 1/5, es 7/8, es 13/3, es 16/6, es 44/5, es 63/3, hinns 14/2, þanns 26/3, þats 8/5, þás 8/3, þeirs 7/3

1ey (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar] ‘island...’ — 13/8, 23/5, eyjar 15/4

2eyða (verb) [°-dd-] ‘destroy...’ — 25/3

eyvit (adv.) ‘nothing, not at all...’ — 57/3

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’ — 34/1

faðir (noun m.) ‘father...’feðr 54/4, fǫður 54/2

fagna (verb) [°-að-] ‘welcome, rejoice...’ — 17/2, 52/5

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’fagrt 53/4, fagra 19/8, fagrt 50/6, fǫgrum 60/4

fagrskapaðr (adj.)fagrskǫpuð 58/7

falla (verb) ‘fall...’ — 18/1

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’ferr 20/7, 25/2, 36/5, 40/5, 58/7, 59/5, Farit 9/1, ferr 26/2, ferr 32/7, ferr 41/3, fær 38/7

fádyggr (adj.)fádyggt 39/2

2fár (noun n.) [°-s] ‘harm, danger...’fári 9/8

3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’fæst 50/5

fárhugaðr (adj.) ‘[little-hearted]...’ — 41/3

2fela (verb) ‘hide...’felsk 39/1

fengr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s, dat. -/-i] ‘loot...’fengjar 22/7

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ — 35/4

2festa (verb) ‘fasten, betrothe, promise...’festir 45/2

(noun n.) [°fjár/féar; -] ‘cattle, money...’ — 52/6

féna (verb)fénaðar 55/3

fimm (num. cardinal) ‘five...’ — 14/2, 19/7

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’ — 41/4

firar (noun m.) ‘men...’fira 24/4, firum 27/4, firum 61/8

2firra (verb) ‘keep (from), remove...’firrask 60/2, firri 9/7

fíkjum (adv.) ‘fiercely...’ — 23/8

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’ — 20/7, 26/6, fjalli 39/1, fjalli 41/2

fjórir (num. cardinal) ‘four...’ — 14/6

fjǫlð (noun f.) ‘multitude...’ — 10/2, 45/6

fjǫrspell (noun n.) ‘[death]...’ — 8/4, 46/4

fláráðugr (adj.)fláráðugt 22/8

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’fleira 62/6, flest 4/4, flest 49/1, flestum 8/3

fljóð (noun n.) ‘woman...’fljóða 49/2

fljúga (verb) ‘fly...’fljúgandi 24/3, fljúgandi 21/6, Flýgr 24/5

flotnar (noun m.) ‘mariners...’ — 3/3

flykkja (verb) ‘crowd, gather...’Flykkjask 25/1

flýja (verb) ‘to flee, take flight...’ — 29/7

flærð (noun f.) ‘falsehood, deceit...’ — 39/4, flærðir 43/6

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’ — 32/8, foldu 7/10, foldu 51/1

folk (noun n.) ‘people...’ — 62/3

forn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘ancient, old...’forna 61/7, fornra 3/6, fornu 62/4

1fótr (noun m.) ‘foot, leg...’fót 38/8, fótar 40/6

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 57/8

fráliga (adv.) — 32/7

2fránn (adj.) ‘bright, shining...’ — 35/3

freki (noun m.) ‘wolf, greedy one...’ — 35/3

fremja (verb) ‘advance, perform...’ — 10/4

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’frið 42/6, 43/2

fróðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘wise...’fróði 51/2

2frón (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’ — 12/2

2frœði (noun n.) ‘knowledge...’ — 4/3, frœðis 3/4

frægð (noun f.) ‘fame...’ — 20/8

frændi (noun m.) ‘kinsman, male relative...’frændr 54/7

fugl (noun m.) ‘bird...’fogl 24/3, fogl 24/8, fogl 26/1, fogla 26/10, foglar 21/5, foglar 25/1

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’Fund 42/5, fundi 43/5, 43/1

2fylgja (verb) ‘follow, accompany...’ — 16/9

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrða 53/3, fyrðar 55/4, fyrðum 46/3

fyrir (prep.) ‘for, before, because of...’ — 2/4, 4/5, 25/6, 63/8

fyrr (adv.) ‘before, sooner...’ — 58/8

fýsa (verb) ‘desire, encourage...’fýstr 22/7, fýsumk 3/5

fær (noun n.) ‘sheep...’ — 39/3

2fœra (verb) ‘bring...’Fœr 16/5, 44/6

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’far 50/3

Galabes (noun ?)Gálábes 26/3

galti (noun m.) ‘boar...’galta 37/2, galta 38/6, galta 40/2, galta 41/4, 30/5, 38/1, 40/8, 42/1

gamall (adj.) [°gamlan; compar. & superl. „ ellri adj.] ‘old...’gǫmlu 59/7

1ganga (noun f.) ‘way...’gǫngu 59/8

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’gengr 38/2, Gengr 12/1, gengr 25/8, gengr 31/6, gengr 61/2

garmr (noun m.) ‘dog...’garmar 35/2

gata (noun f.) ‘path, road...’gǫtur 22/6

gálauss (adj.) ‘careless...’gálausir 52/2

gegnum (prep.) ‘through...’gegnum 34/12

geigr (noun m.) ‘fright, injury...’ — 49/8

geimi (noun m.) ‘ocean...’ — 61/1

geirr (noun m.) ‘spear...’geirar 33/5

geirvanr (adj.)geirvanir 49/7

geisa (verb) ‘rage...’ — 20/10, Geisar 61/1

2gelda (verb) ‘[he pays]...’geldr 18/7

gengi (noun n.) ‘support, following...’ — 30/6

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’ — 8/4, 19/2, 42/6, 42/7, 46/4, 49/7, 60/7, gerðisk 18/4, gerir 34/3, gerir 37/1, gerir 57/3, Gerisk 13/1, gerisk 33/1, gerisk 53/1, gerisk 55/2, gerr 12/8, gervir 10/8

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’Gætum 66/5

gjarn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager...’ — 28/10, gjarnir 28/3

gleðja (verb) ‘gladden, rejoice...’Gleðjumk 66/1

gleyma (verb) ‘forget...’gleymask 52/1, gleymum 66/6

gleypa (verb) ‘swallow...’gleypir 16/4, gleypir 46/12

glæstr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘adorned, shining, splendid...’glæstum 34/5

gnesta (verb) ‘emit crashing sound...’ — 33/5

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’ — 31/5, 34/5

gollurr (noun m.) ‘[pericardium]...’gollor 35/6

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’góð 65/7, góðs 66/5, góðu 21/3, góðum 66/2, gótt 12/2, gótt 28/4

grafa (verb) ‘to dig, earth, bury...’Grefr 22/5

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 38/4, 35/5

granda (verb) ‘harm, injure...’grandat 17/6, grandi 68/4

gránn (adj.) ‘grey...’gránir 35/1

2gráta (verb) ‘weep...’grætr 13/4

gren (noun n.) [°; -] ‘gren...’ — 28/9

grenja (verb) ‘howl...’ — 35/1

griðbítr (noun m.)griðbítar 18/5

grimmliga (adv.) ‘fiercely...’ — 28/6

grjót (noun n.) ‘rock, stone...’ — 8/10, grjóti 8/9

gróði (noun m.) [°-a] ‘[growth]...’gróða 58/2

grund (noun f.) ‘earth, land...’ — 8/9, 58/1, grundu 22/5

grœða (verb) ‘heal...’ — 40/4

guðr (noun f.) ‘battle...’ — 33/6

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’ — 13/3

gumi (noun m.) [°-a; gumar/gumnar] ‘man...’guma 7/9, guma 16/10, guma 35/5, 1/8, gumna 65/8, gumna 68/3, gumnar 26/4, gumnum 17/5

2gæta (verb) ‘look after, care for...’gæti 67/8

gœzka (noun f.) ‘goodness...’gœzku 55/8

gǫfugr (adj.) [°gǫfgan/gǫfugan; compar. gǫfgari/gǫfugri, superl. gǫfgastr/gǫfugstr/gǫfugastr] ‘noble, glorious...’gǫfugs 1/4

2Gǫndul (noun f.) ‘Gǫndul...’Gǫndlar 34/6

gǫrla (adv.) ‘quite, fully...’ — 18/6, 24/6, 68/2

gǫrva (adv.) ‘fully...’ — 68/6

hafa (verb) ‘have...’ — 6/7, 14/5, 48/5, hafi 58/8, hefk 63/1, hefr 17/5

1hafna (verb) ‘abandon, reject...’ — 55/8, hafnar 58/2

hagl (noun n.) [°-s; dat. *-um] ‘hail...’ — 34/11

1hagr (noun m.) [°-s; -ir] ‘situation, condition...’ — 53/1

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’ — 32/1

hali (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘tail...’hala 40/7

halr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘man...’hal 8/3, 51/2

halsgjǫrð (noun f.) ‘[neck-strap]...’halsgerðar 35/4

hamr (noun m.) [°dat. -; dat. *-um] ‘skin, shape, form...’hami 44/2

hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’hans 17/1, þeir 30/1, hana 14/1, Hana 19/5, 2/5, 22/3, 26/5, 26/10, 27/1, 29/1, 30/8, 37/3, 37/6, 38/3, 38/7, 41/5, 41/7, 44/7, 45/5, 46/5, 47/1, 61/2, hans 17/3, hans 46/1, hánum 37/4, hánum 38/7, henni 13/6, henni 28/7, hon 9/5, hon 10/1, hon 10/3, Hon 11/1, hon 11/5, hon 12/1, hon 18/3, hon 20/3, hon 20/5, þeim 30/5, Þeir 15/1, þeir 25/2, þeir 25/3, þeir 28/3, Þeir 31/1, þeir 31/3, þeir 32/1, þeir 44/5, Þeir 48/5, Þeir 49/1, þeir 54/3

harðla (adv.) ‘very, highly, greatly...’ — 21/3

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’hǫrðum 34/7

hauss (noun m.) [°hauss, dat. hausi/haus; hausar] ‘skull...’hausi 14/3

háligr (adj.) ‘noble...’háligar 22/6

hástafr (noun m.)hástǫfum 13/4

hefja (verb) ‘lift, start...’hefjask 26/5

hegri (noun m.)hegri 26/9, hegri 24/7, hegra 27/3

2heið (noun n.) [°; -] ‘clear sky...’heiðar 65/4

3heiðr (noun f.) [°heiðar, dat./acc heiði; heiðar] ‘heath...’heiðar 46/7

4heiðr (adj.) ‘bright...’heiðar 59/2

1heili (noun m.) [°-a] ‘brain...’heila 35/10

3heill (adj.) [°heilan; compar. heilli, superl. -astr/-str] ‘healthy, hale, hail...’ — 42/2

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heim 55/6, heimi 54/1

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’heitr 30/7, hét 1/7

heldr (adv.) ‘rather...’ — 3/5

herkorn (noun n.) — 31/8

herr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra] ‘army, host...’her 55/2

hertogi (noun m.) ‘duke...’hertoga 43/7

hervígssamr (adj.) ‘beligerent...’hervígssamir 49/3

herþarfr (adj.) — 68/1

2heyra (verb) ‘hear...’ — 50/6, 55/1, heyri 23/10

hér (adv.) ‘here...’ — 40/8

hildingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’ — 29/4

hilmir (noun m.) ‘prince, protector...’ — 21/4

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himins 57/6, himni 34/6

himintungl (noun n.) ‘heavenly body...’himintungla 60/8

hinnig (adv.) ‘here, hence...’hinig 16/6, hinig 32/5

hirðir (noun m.) [°hirðis/hirðirs, dat. & acc. hirði; hirðar/hirðir] ‘guardian, keeper, pastor...’hirðis 16/5

1hjalmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘helmet...’hjalma 33/1

hjarni (noun m.) ‘brain...’hjarna 35/8

hjarta (noun n.) [°-; *-u] ‘heart...’ — 67/4, hjǫrtu 51/8

hjǫlp (noun f.) [°hjalpar; hjalpir/hjalpar] ‘help, salvation...’ — 16/10

hjǫrð (noun f.) [°hjarðar, dat. -/-u; hjarðir/hjarðar] ‘herd...’hjarðir 47/4

hjǫrtr (noun m.) [°hjartar, dat. hirti (hjǫrt Æv¹ˆ 58²²n.); hirtir, acc. hjǫrtu, (gen. hirta GlossPsalt 9¹²)] ‘hart...’Hjǫrtr 14/1

2hlaða (verb) ‘heap, pile...’hlezk 21/2

hlíf (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar] ‘shield, defence...’hlífar 33/2

hljómr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘sound...’hljóm 60/7

hlust (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘[ears]...’ — 38/9, hlustar 40/7

hlutr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘part, thing...’hlutum 20/3

hlýri (noun m.) ‘brother...’hlýrum 44/8

hlýrnir (noun m.) ‘heaven, heavenly body...’hlýrni 59/1

2Hlǫkk (noun f.) ‘Hlǫkk...’Hlakkar 34/8

hlǫm (noun f.)hlam 34/7

1hodd (noun f.) ‘gold, treasure...’ — 29/5

hold (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘flesh...’holdi 57/2

horn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘horn...’hornum 14/10

horshǫfuð (noun n.) — 29/3

horskr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘wise...’horska 21/1

1hóra (noun f.) [°-u] ‘°hore, ægteskabsbryderske; (I) skøge...’ — 49/4

hrapa (verb) ‘[tumble down, rush]...’ — 36/9

hraustr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘strong, valiant...’hraustir 40/1

hreggskár (adj.) ‘[stormy]...’hreggská 65/3

hreiðr (noun n.) [°hreiðrs; gen. hreiðra] ‘°fuglerede; (om bolig, tilholdssted)...’hreiðri 27/2

hreiðra (verb)hreiðrask 26/9

1hrinda (verb) ‘launch, propell...’hrindi 68/2, hrindum 64/7

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’hring 46/8, hringum 13/8

hríð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time, storm...’ — 33/1

hrím (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rime frost...’hrími 51/7

1hrjóta (verb) ‘fling, fly...’hrýtr 34/11

1hryggr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s(cogn.), dat. -; -ir] ‘back; ridge...’hryggjar 38/10

hræ (noun n.) [°; -] ‘corpse, carrion...’ — 7/9

3hræða (verb) ‘fear, be afraid...’hræðask 29/6

hræfíkinn (adj./verb p.p.)hernumin 36/9

2hrœra (verb) ‘move...’ — 15/2

hugga (verb) ‘comfort...’ — 40/2

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 30/8, hug 66/2

hugþekkr (adj.) ‘beloved...’hugþekkt 27/4

hundrað (noun n.) [°-s; hundruð/-] ‘hundred...’hundruðum 19/7

hvalr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ir/-ar] ‘whale...’ — 46/7

hvass (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘keen, sharp...’hvassa 14/3

hvatliga (adv.) ‘[quickly]...’ — 30/7

hvárrtveggi (pron.) ‘both...’hvártveggja 36/10

1hvergi (adv.) ‘nowhere...’ — 59/4

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’hverju 68/4, hvern 24/8, hvers 17/8, hvers 51/7, hvers 55/7

hvítr (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘white...’hvítrar 17/7

2hyggja (verb) ‘think, consider...’ — 55/5, hyggr 39/3

2hylja (verb) ‘to bury, cover, inhume...’hulit 37/7, 8/2, hyljask 7/10, hylr 31/7

hœgri (adj. comp.) ‘higher, highest...’ — 11/5, 38/9, hæsta 19/3, hæsta 26/6

hættr (adj.) [°compar. -ari/-ri, superl. -astr] ‘dangerous...’ — 53/2

hǫfuð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘head...’hǫfði 16/9, 39/2, 45/3, 48/6

hǫfugr (adj.) [°acc. hǫfgan, compar. hǫfgari] ‘heavy, difficult...’hǫfug 6/5, Hǫfugt 55/1

hǫggormr (noun m.) — 46/2

Hǫgni (noun m.) ‘[Hǫgni, Högni]...’Hǫgna 31/7

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’hǫlða 6/6, hǫlða 53/1, hǫlðar 8/1

1hǫll (noun f.) [°hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir] ‘hall...’hallir 35/6, 19/4

hǫnd (noun f.) [°handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)] ‘hand...’hendi 11/6

1illa (adv.) ‘badly...’ — 20/2

illr (adj.) ‘bad, evil, unwell...’ill 65/7, 7/1, illu 64/8, illu 66/6, illum 64/4

2inn (art.) ‘the...’it 26/6, in 57/1, in 57/5, in 61/7, ina 38/9, 7/5, 15/6, 38/8, 51/2, inni 59/7, it 11/2, it 21/1

innan (prep.) ‘inside, within...’ — 13/7

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’í 26/6, 4/3, 5/1, 5/8, 9/3, 11/5, 11/9, 13/2, 22/4, 22/5, 25/2, 26/2, 26/8, 27/2, 34/7, 38/3, 38/4, 39/1, 42/4, 42/8, 49/8, 50/5, 53/2, 54/1, 61/2, 66/2

ívaðandi (noun m.)ívaðendr 53/6

íþrótt (noun f.) ‘skill, accomplishment...’íþróttir 10/3

jóð (noun n.) ‘child, offspring...’ — 36/7

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’ — 4/5

kaldr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cold...’kǫld 51/6

kalla (verb) ‘call...’ — 26/4, kallar 24/7, kallar 47/2

Kambría (noun f.) — 16/1, Kambríe 47/1

3kanna (verb) ‘know, be able...’Kannask 54/5

kapp (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength, vigour, courage...’kapps 9/3

kápa (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘[capes]...’kápur 34/10

keppa (verb) ‘compete...’keppa 20/5

kind (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘offspring, race...’kindum 63/2

klekja (verb)klekr 27/1

klofna (verb) ‘cleave...’ — 33/2

klungr (noun m.) [°klungrs, dat. klungri; klungrar] ‘thorn, bramble...’ — 36/3

Knútsskógr (noun m.)Knútsskógar 9/4

knýja (verb) ‘press forward, urge, drive...’kníðar 33/4

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’Kemr 24/1, kemr 58/4, Kom 16/1, 21/5, 23/4, 43/3, 44/5

kona (noun f.) [°-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna] ‘woman...’ — 11/7

konr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘kind, descendant...’konar 51/7, konar 55/7

konungíðn (noun f.)konungíðnir 20/6

kornbreti (noun m.)Kornbretum 16/2

1kosta (verb) ‘try, strive...’Kostar 20/5

1kostr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘choice, food, goods, good quality...’kosti 44/6

1kóróna (noun f.) [°-u, -ur] ‘crown...’kórónu 14/5

kristinn (adj.) [°superl. kristnastr] ‘Christian...’kynni 2/6

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’ — 54/6, kynnir 63/4

kván (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘wife...’kvánir 49/6

kveða (verb) ‘say, recite...’kvað 51/2, 4/8, kveðask 40/3

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kvezk 41/7

kvistr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ir, acc. -i/-u] ‘twig, branch...’kvistir 14/6

kvæði (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘poem...’ — 62/4

1kyn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kin...’kristnu 2/5, 27/3, kyns 17/8, kyns 64/3

kynna (verb) ‘make known, reveal...’ — 62/2

kynstórr (adj.) ‘high-born...’kynstór 11/7

kærr (adj.) [°superl. kǽrstr/kǽrastr] ‘dear...’ — 2/5

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’landa 23/9, landi 13/2, landi 29/8, landi 48/2

landherr (noun m.) ‘land’s people, land’s army...’landher 31/4

landreki (noun m.) ‘land-ruler...’ — 19/4, 43/8, landrekum 2/2

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’ — 46/5, Langt 50/1

3laun (noun n.) [°-; -] ‘rewards...’lau*n 65/5

2láð (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’láði 5/5, láði 16/7

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lætk 50/7, lætr 37/5

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lagiðr 43/1, leggja 16/6, 42/5

leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’ — 36/5

2leiða (verb) [-dd] ‘lead; (-sk) grow tired...’leiði 68/6

leita (verb) ‘seek, look for, attack...’ — 3/1, 30/2, 40/6, 52/5, leiti 9/6

1leyna (verb) ‘hide, conceal...’leynir 22/3

léparðr (noun m.)léparðar 48/3, léparðs 45/3

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 31/6, 32/6, 33/7, liðs 68/3

liðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. liðu] ‘joint, limb...’liðir 16/8

lifa (verb) ‘live...’ — 55/3, Lifir 57/1

limr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -i/-; -ir acc. limu/limi] ‘[limb]...’limum 26/8

linnr (noun m.) ‘snake...’linni 48/4

1litr (noun m.) [°-ar dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. litu/hlyti(Eluc675(1989) 91¹‡)] ‘colour, appearance...’litir 17/8, litum 60/4

1líða (verb) ‘move, glide...’ — 50/7, 65/6

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 65/1, lífi 55/4, lífs 65/5, lífs 68/5

1lík (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘body, shape...’ — 37/7

4líka (verb) ‘please...’líkar 20/2

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítinn 31/3

ljóðbók (noun f.)ljóðbók 4/2

ljómi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘light, beam...’ljóma 34/2

ljós (noun n.) [°ljóss; -] ‘light...’ljósi 57/7, ljósi 60/3

ljóss (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘bright...’Ljós 4/1

lofði (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man...’lofða 45/6, lofða 50/2

lofðungr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, leader...’ — 45/4, lofðungs 37/8

loft (noun n.) ‘air, sky...’lopt 61/2

logi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘flame...’ — 12/4, 35/7

1lok (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘end...’ — 50/8

lófi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘palm of hand...’lófa 11/9

Lundúnir (noun f.) ‘[London]...’Lundúna 11/10, 46/6, Lundúnum 20/1, Lundúnum 22/4

lung (noun n.) ‘longship...’ — 16/7

lýðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘one of the people...’lýð 57/8, lýða 51/8, lýða 65/2, lýðir 8/5, lýðir 47/8, lýðum 2/1, lýðum 4/1, lýðum 45/5

lægjarn (adj.) ‘[malicious]...’lægjǫrn 36/6

lækning (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u; -ar] ‘[healing]...’lækningar 9/5

lœkr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘brook, stream...’lœkjum 5/6

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’lǫg 8/6

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’ — 2/8, manna 18/8, manna 31/5, manns 15/7, menn 9/7, menn 52/2, menn 54/6, mǫnnum 3/8, mǫnnum 62/2

magna (verb) ‘strengthen, increase...’magnask 11/4

malmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘metal...’malma 34/4

man (noun n.) ‘girl...’ — 11/9

manndauðr (noun m.) — 25/7

margfróðr (adj.)margfróðastri 9/2

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’mart 25/6, mart 41/7, mart 62/1, mǫrg 2/4, mǫrgu 53/2, mǫrgum 17/6

margvitr (adj.) ‘[wise in many ways]...’ — 1/8

marka (verb) ‘to draw, mark, carve...’ — 59/3

1mál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘speech, matter...’ — 23/10

málstefna (noun f.)málstefnu 43/4

máni (noun m.) [°-a] ‘moon...’ — 58/5

máttr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. mǽtti/mátt; mǽttir, dat. -um] ‘power...’ — 11/3

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 12/5, 13/6, 13/8, 16/2, 32/6

meðal (prep.) ‘between...’ — 60/8

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’ 59/3, mát 37/3

mein (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘harm, injury...’ — 25/8

mengi (noun n.) ‘multitude, crowd...’ — 49/4, 68/8, mengis 65/8

Merlínus (noun m.) — 1/7

miðsamligr (adj.)miðsamlig 3/7

mikill (adj.) [°mikinn] ‘great, large...’mikil 51/3, mikil 60/6, 25/7

mildingr (noun m.) [°-s] ‘ruler, generous one...’mildingar 43/3

millim (prep.) ‘°mellem (punkter), blandt; mellem (begiv...’ — 23/9, 42/8

1minni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘memory...’minna 3/6

1missa (noun f.) [°-u] ‘°tab, savn, afsavn...’missu 39/8

mjǫk (adv.) ‘very, much...’ — 35/9

mold (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u; -ir] ‘earth, soil...’ — 61/7, moldar 59/4, moldu 2/7, moldu 23/1

móðir (noun f.) ‘mother...’móður 28/5

móti (prep.) ‘against...’ — 57/4

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’Munk 42/2, mun 4/1, mun 15/5, mun 17/3, mun 18/1, Mun 19/1, mun 19/5, mun 23/5, mun 26/5, mun 61/7, mun 62/5, munu 23/1, munat 53/3, 5/5, 16/8, 18/5, 40/3, 52/1, 57/5

2myrkr (adj.) [°-an/-jan/-van; compar. -(v)ari/-ri, superl. -(v)astr] ‘dark, murky...’myrk* 2/3

1mæla (verb) ‘speak, say...’ — 15/8, 23/2, 41/8, mælir 46/8

mær (noun f.) [°meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar] ‘maiden...’meyju 9/1

nafn (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘name...’ — 5/3

2náinn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr]nána 54/7, nánar 47/4

nátt (noun f.) [°náttar/nǽtr, dat. -/-u; nǽtr] ‘night...’nôttum 24/5

nes (noun n.) [°-s; -, gen. -ja] ‘headland...’ — 38/10

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 6/5, 7/9, 54/7, 58/3

njótr (noun m.) ‘user, enjoyer...’njótar 63/6

Njǫrðr (noun m.) ‘Njǫrðr...’Nirðir 54/8

Norðhumra (noun f.)Norðhumru 47/3

(adv.) ‘now...’ — 3/5, 4/8

nýsa (verb)nýsir 24/6

nýta (verb) ‘enjoy, use...’Nýti 63/5

oddviti (noun m.) ‘leader...’ — 19/6

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 13/7, 20/7, 20/9, 22/2, 24/5, 25/8, 32/2, 46/6, 50/3, 55/2

4of (particle) ‘(before verb)...’ — 15/2, 18/4, 23/10

ofan (adv.) ‘down...’ — 41/1, 58/3

ofdramb (noun n.)of 46/8

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ok 38/10, 2/2, 9/7, 10/2, 10/7, 11/3, 12/7, 13/5, 15/7, 23/3, 23/7, 25/4, 25/5, 26/7, 27/5, 27/6, 27/7, 30/1, 30/3, 34/7, 36/7, 38/4, 39/6, 39/8, 40/7, 42/6, 43/2, 44/1, 44/3, 44/8, 45/1, 45/6, 46/9, 47/3, 47/5, 49/4, 49/5, 50/8, 51/5, 51/6, 52/3, 52/6, 52/8, 55/7, 58/5, 59/1, 60/4, 60/7, 63/8, 64/2, 64/3, 66/3, 66/4, 67/7, 68/1

opt (adv.) ‘often...’ — 66/7, 67/1

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 3/2

2óðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘raging, furious...’ — 46/9

óglíkr (adj.)óglíkir 5/7

ógn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘terror, battle...’ógnar 34/2, ógnir 51/4

ógurligr (adj.) ‘horrible...’ógurligt 13/1, ógurligt 61/3, ógurligt 61/5

óp (noun n.) [°-s] ‘shouting, crying...’ — 13/2

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 23/1, 24/1, 29/8, 41/2, 58/4, 62/3

ótrauðr (adj.) ‘not reluctant...’ótrautt 47/5

prýði (noun f.) ‘finery, honour...’ — 66/8

2rak (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘omen, lore...’rǫk 2/4, rǫk 3/7

rammliga (adv.) — 33/3

rammr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘mighty...’rǫmmum 12/5

2raukn (noun n.) ‘draught animal...’ — 31/2

ráð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘advice, plan, control, power...’ — 53/3, ráði 64/8, ráðum 64/2

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’ — 2/3, 4/4, 10/2, 37/2, Ráðumk 1/1, ræðr 28/6, ræðr 38/6, Ræðr 45/5

refr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘fox...’ — 27/6, 28/5, 32/5, 37/1, 38/5, 41/1

2reisa (verb) ‘to raise, erect...’ — 37/3

rekkr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man, champion...’rekka 32/6

2remma (verb) ‘strengthen...’ — 19/5

2renna (verb) ‘run (strong)...’renn 41/2

reykr (noun m.) [°-s/-jar, dat. -i/-; -ir] ‘smoke...’reyk 12/5

reyna (verb) ‘test, try, experience...’ — 6/2, 7/6, 10/1, 38/2, 53/4, reynask 43/6

ríki (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘kingdom, power...’ — 28/10

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ — 19/6

rjúfa (verb) ‘break...’Rýfr 35/5

2róa (verb) ‘row...’ — 31/6

róma (noun f.) ‘battle...’rómu 32/4

rúteneus (noun m.)Rúténéos 12/6

rǫdd (noun f.) [°raddar, dat. -/u; raddir] ‘voice...’rǫddu 15/7

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’randir 33/4, 37/4

1saga (noun f.) [°*-u; *-ur] ‘story, saga...’sǫgu 45/8

2sama (verb) ‘befit...’samit 24/10

saman (adv.) ‘together...’ — 23/7, 28/2, 31/4

sameiginn (adj.)sameignar 49/5

samr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘same...’sama 48/2

sauðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s dat.-/-i; -ir] ‘sheep...’sauða 28/8

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 12/7, 28/7, þat 3/3, þat 5/3, þat 11/3, þat 16/10, Þat 20/1, þat 26/1, þat 38/1, þat 38/5, þat 44/1, þat 45/4, þat 50/7, þat 58/1, þats 50/2, þau 58/8, þau 60/6, þeim 43/5, Þeir 5/5, þeir 7/7, þess 1/5, því 27/2, því 50/5, þvís 21/4

2sár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wound...’ — 40/3, sára 36/3

sárliga (adv.) ‘bitterly, painfully ...’ — 39/7

sás (conj.) ‘the one who...’ — 24/4, 46/3

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’seggir 52/4, seggja 63/2

segja (verb) ‘say, tell...’sagði 4/6, sagði 50/4, Sagðr 2/1, sagt 63/1, seg 16/3, segir 39/7, 1/1, 3/8, 50/8, 62/8

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 37/6

2semja (verb) ‘befit...’samiðr 43/2

sex (num. cardinal) ‘six...’ — 14/7

1sif (noun f.) [°; -jar] ‘°(I) svogerskab, svogerskabsforhold...’sifjum 54/3

sigðr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘sickle...’ — 46/10

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sín 24/8, sér 57/3, sér 63/5, 29/4, 44/2, 45/1, 53/7

3sinn (pron.) [°f. sín, n. sitt] ‘(refl. poss. pron.)...’sinni 11/6, sinni 59/8, sín*ar 49/6, sína 29/1, sínu 30/6, sínu 57/7, sínum 27/7

sitja (verb) ‘sit...’sat 1/6

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 10/5, 12/1, 45/2

síðarr (adv.) ‘later...’síðar 48/1

sjaldan (adv.) ‘seldom...’ — 27/8

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’sjalfa 53/7, sjalfan 45/1, sjalfir 14/8, sjalfir 40/4, sjalfri 15/8, sjǫlf 58/6

sjau (num. cardinal) ‘seven...’ — 48/3

1sjá (pron.) [°gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir] ‘this...’þennan 55/5, þessa 3/4, þessa 45/7, þetta 68/8

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’sék 25/6, Sék 36/1, sésk 63/8, Sjám 64/1, sjásk 53/8

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’sær 23/7

sjǫt (noun n.) ‘dwelling...’ — 16/5, 31/7

skaði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘harm, damage...’skaða 36/2

skati (noun m.) [°-a; -nar] ‘chieftan, prince...’skata 29/5

skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’skipa 31/8

skipta (verb) ‘share, divide, exchange...’ — 5/6

1skjalfa (verb) ‘shake - intrans....’ — 23/6

skjólsamr (adj.)skjólsamar 34/9

skógr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘forest...’skóg 11/8, skógi 24/1

skrjúpr (adj.) ‘[weak]...’Skrjúpt 65/1

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skulu 30/1, skal 4/8, skaltu 42/7, skulum 40/5, skulum 42/5

1skúr (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘shower...’ — 58/3

ský (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘cloud...’skýjum 58/4

Skǫgul (noun f.) ‘Skǫgul...’Skǫglar 34/10, 13/3

2slíðr (noun n.) [°; -] ‘sheath...’slíðra 35/2

2slíkr (adj.) ‘such...’slíka 63/7, slíkt 61/3, Slíkt 61/5, slíkt 63/3, slíku 9/8, slíku 49/8

slíta (verb) ‘to tear...’ — 54/3

slœgliga (adv.) — 44/4

2slœgr (adj.) ‘skilful...’ — 27/7

smíða (verb) ‘craft...’smíðar 19/3

1smíði (noun f.) ‘[craftsmanship]...’ — 20/8

snarliga (adv.) ‘[quickly]...’ — 31/1

snót (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘woman...’ — 10/6, snótar 12/3

snúa (verb) ‘turn...’ — 57/8

snyrtidrengr (noun m.)snyrtidrengjum 36/4

sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’ — 54/2, synir 48/8, synir 54/4

sorg (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘sorrow, affliction...’ — 39/8

sól (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘sun...’ — 58/5

sótt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘illness...’ — 6/5, 25/5

spakligr (adj.) ‘wise...’spakligar 1/3

1spá (noun f.) [°-r; -r/-ir] ‘prophecy...’spár 1/3

spámaðr (noun m.) ‘prophet...’spámanns 1/4

spor (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘track...’sporum 12/3

1spretta (verb) ‘spurt, spring...’sprettr 12/4

1staðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s; -ir] ‘place...’staði 5/8

stafr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘staff, post, stave, stick...’stafs 62/3, stǫfum 6/3

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’stála 63/6

steinn (noun m.) [°steins; steinar] ‘stone, colour...’steinar 23/2

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’stilli 67/2

stjarna (noun f.) [°*-u; *-ur] ‘star...’stjǫrnur 59/2

stjóri (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘steerer...’ — 67/6

stoð (noun f.) [°-ar; stoðir, stoðar, stoðr, steðr, støðr] ‘support, post...’stoðum 17/4

1stóll (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘seat, throne...’ — 17/3

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’stórar 51/4

styrjǫld (noun f.) [°-aldar; -aldir] ‘conflict, war, battle...’ — 51/3

2suðr (adv.) ‘south, in the south...’ — 20/7, 30/1

sultr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-] ‘famine, hunger...’ — 25/5

2sumr (pron.) ‘some...’Sumar 59/5, sumar 59/6, Sumar 60/1, sumar 60/2

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’sund 1/2, 17/2, 31/2

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 32/1

svalr (adj.) ‘cool...’svalan 32/2

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 37/5, 46/5, 46/9, 54/4, svát 68/5

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 23/9

sveit (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘host, company...’sveita 49/2, sveitar 30/2, sveitir 47/2

1svelta (verb) ‘die, hunger (strong, intrans.)...’ — 7/2

1svik (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘deceit, treachery; poison...’svika 64/2, svikum 41/6

svíkja (verb) ‘betray, deceive...’svík 42/3

svín (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘swine, pig...’ — 41/7, 42/4, svíns 44/1

sylgr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘drink, draught...’sylgjar 36/8

synð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘sin...’ — 64/1

syngja (verb) ‘sing...’syngr 36/3

sæði (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘[seed]...’ — 25/2

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’sœkir 6/6, 23/8, sœkjask 60/1

sællífr (adj.)sællífir 52/3

2sæti (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘seat...’sæti 17/1

sætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’sættir 41/5

sǫgn (noun f.) [°sagnar; sagnir] ‘narrative, message; troop, men...’ — 63/7

2taka (verb) ‘take...’ — 49/1, Tekr 10/1, tekr 10/3, tekr 13/5, tekr 20/10, tekr 29/3

tapa (verb) ‘lose, abolish...’tapar 28/7

tálráð (noun n.) — 24/10

telja (verb) ‘tell, count...’ — 61/6

Tems (noun f.)Tems 20/9, 47/6

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 21/6, 22/7, 24/8, 32/4, 36/8, 43/4, 68/5

tíðmark (noun n.) ‘[time-markers]...’tíðmǫrk 57/6

tíginn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘noble...’tígnu 57/5

tína (verb) ‘pick, recount...’ — 50/1

tjald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘tent, awning...’tjaldi 65/4, tjǫldum 34/8

2trúa (verb) ‘to believe (in)...’Trú 42/1, trúir 30/8

tryggð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-ar] ‘security, oath...’tryggðum 42/4

turn (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘tower...’turna 19/8

tveir (num. cardinal) ‘two...’tvá 44/7

tvennr (adj.) ‘two...’tvenna 14/2, tvennum 17/4

tvívetri (noun n.) — 24/9

týnir (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’ — 28/8

tǫpuðr (noun m.) ‘destroyer...’ — 39/3

ull (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u] ‘[wool]...’ullar 17/7

1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’ — 24/9

1umlíðandi (noun m.)umlíðendr 46/11

una (verb) ‘be content, love...’ — 52/6

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 65/3

ungr (adj.) ‘young...’unga 27/1

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 12/4, 19/2, 23/4, 28/2, 61/2, 61/6

uppi (adv.) ‘up, up in...’ — 26/7

urð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘stones...’urðar 46/10

vaða (verb) ‘advance, wade...’ — 36/1

4vaka (verb) ‘awaken...’vakin 33/6

vakna (verb) ‘wake, awake...’ — 15/5

vallroð (noun n.)vallroði 33/8

vanda (verb) ‘fashion, execute...’ — 3/2

vargr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’vargi 39/6, 27/5, 30/3

vargǫld (noun f.) — 51/6

vatn (noun n.) [°-s; -*] ‘water, lake...’ — 8/12, 11/2, vatni 6/8, vatni 8/10

vaxa (verb) ‘grow, increase...’Vella 5/1, 28/1

ván (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘hope, expectation...’ — 66/3

vándr (adj.) ‘wicked...’vándra 18/8

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’ — 60/6

1veggr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s(Páll²A 257³³), dat. -/-i(kun defin.); -ir] ‘wall...’veggi 20/4

1vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u] ‘way, path, side...’veg 58/6, veg 59/6

2vegr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar, dat. -] ‘honour...’vegs 66/4

vegsmunr (noun m.)vegsmuni 52/8

1vekja (verb) ‘awaken, rouse...’vekr 12/7, vekr 30/3

velja (verb) ‘choose...’velr 21/4

vell (noun n.) ‘gold...’ — 52/7

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’es 26/10, erut 28/3, Erut 34/9, eru 33/3, eru 35/9, eru 48/7, eru 60/6, es 6/1, es 7/1, es 9/1, es 24/9, es 27/3, es 28/9, es 31/5, es 33/6, es 34/5, Es 43/1, Es 46/1, es 46/5, es 49/8, es 50/1, Es 50/5, es 54/1, es 55/1, es 61/3, es 61/5, es 65/1, esat 37/7, s 4/3, s 5/3, s 7/5, s 16/10, séi 8/8, séi 37/6, vas 2/1, vas 2/5, vasat 2/7, vesa 4/2, vesa 17/3, vesa 42/2, Væri 62/1

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’ — 14/8, 48/1, 61/8, verðr 8/7, verðr 25/5, verðr 33/7, verðr 36/2, Verðr 51/1

1verðr (noun m.) [°dat. -i] ‘food...’verð 12/7

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’ — 32/8

verk (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘deed...’verkum 64/4

verri (adj. comp.) ‘worse, worst...’verr 27/8, Verst 54/1, verstum 14/10

verstr (unclassified) — 26/10

1verþjóð (noun f.)verþjóðar 23/3, verþjóðu 12/8

2vestr (adv.) ‘west, in the west...’ — 26/2

2 (noun n.) [°; -] ‘banner, standard...’ — 36/1

1vél (noun f.) [°-ar; -ar/-ir] ‘deceit, trick; device...’ — 23/4, vélar 22/2, vélar 51/5, vélum 29/2

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 11/3, 20/6, 37/4, 38/5, 41/7, 52/6, 53/7, 54/4, 54/6, 66/3

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’vum 21/7, 8/11, 15/6, viðum 1/2

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’ — 8/1, 41/8, vill 29/1, vill 46/3

2villa (verb) ‘lead astray, lead...’villir 24/4

villigalti (noun m.)villigalta 30/4

villigǫltr (noun m.) — 39/5

1vindr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar; -ar] ‘wind...’vindar 60/5

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’ — 28/4

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’ — 50/2

vinstri (adj. comp.)vinstra 38/8

Vintónía (noun f.)Vintóni 16/3, Vintóna 18/7, 5/2

virðr (noun m.) ‘man...’virða 67/6

2vit (pron.) ‘we two...’okkar 42/8, við 64/1

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veitat 54/2, veitk 18/2, viti 3/3

vitja (verb) ‘visit...’ — 21/8

vitr (adj.) ‘wise...’vitrari 2/8

1víða (adv.) ‘widely...’ — 21/7, 33/7

2víða (verb)víðask 23/5

víðfrægr (adj.) ‘far-renowned...’ — 67/5

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’víðri 5/1

víg (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’ — 51/5

1víss (adj.) ‘wise, certain(ly)...’vísu 27/6

vísundr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘bison...’vísundar 14/9

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’ — 16/4

vǫrðr (noun m.) [°varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu] ‘guardian, defender...’ — 68/7

yfir (prep.) ‘over...’ — 12/2, 17/4, 34/1

ylgr (noun f.) [°acc. -i] ‘she-wolf...’ylgjar 36/7

ýtr (noun m.) ‘man; launcher...’ýta 61/4, ýtir 3/1, ýtum 50/4

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 7/8, 21/5, 26/7, 28/1, 45/7, 59/1, Þars 27/5

þats (conj.) ‘that, which...’ — 4/5, 55/2

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 11/1, 15/5, 23/1, 52/1

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 6/7

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’þengils 45/8

þeygi (adv.) ‘not at all...’ — 62/6

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’þings 62/7

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 13/6, 25/8, þjóðar 2/6, þjóðar 68/7, þjóðu 4/7, þjóðum 9/6, þjóðum 18/2

þjóta (verb) ‘roar...’ — 13/5

þjótandi (noun f.) ‘°arterie, pulsåre...’ — 15/1

þollr (noun m.) ‘fir-tree...’þollum 62/8

þó (adv.) ‘though...’ — 4/3, 7/5, 17/5, 62/5, 63/1

þrágjarn (adj.)þrágjarnan 55/6

þrennr (adj.) ‘three(fold)...’þrennir 5/4

þriði (num. ordinal) ‘third...’þriðja 7/5

þrír (num. cardinal) ‘three...’þrr 15/2, þrimr 20/3, 5/7, þrjá 5/8, Þrjá 27/1

2Þróttr (noun m.) ‘Þróttr...’Þróttar 62/7

þrýta (verb) ‘[disappears]...’þrýtr 45/7

þungr (adj.) ‘heavy...’þyngst 7/6

þurr (adj.) ‘dry...’þurra 10/7, þurru 47/6

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’þér 40/7, þik 16/4, 40/8

því (adv.) ‘therefore, because...’ — 57/5, 59/3

þvíat (conj.) ‘because...’ — 18/3, 37/3

þvít (conj.) ‘because, since...’ — 30/8

2þykkr (adj.) ‘thick...’þykka 20/4

œðri (adj. comp.) ‘nobler, higher...’œztan 67/3

2ægir (noun m.) ‘ocean, sea...’ægi 32/2

2œxla (verb) ‘augment...’ — 39/4, 52/7

ǫfugr (adj.) ‘backwards...’ǫfgar 59/5

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldar 50/3, ǫldum 4/6

ǫlðr (noun n.) [°-s/-] ‘ale...’ǫlðri 57/4

2ǫnd (noun f.) [°andar, dat. ǫnd/ǫndu; andir] ‘soul, breath...’andar 66/8

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’ǫrt 64/7

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