skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Brúðv 29VII/3 —  ‘the’

Traust verðr mær mest
mönnum og líkn sönn,
og hæsta hald víst,
hverjum sem þörf er.
Ætti þier öll drótt
unna fyrir miskunn;
þínar hafa þess raun
þjóðir; ertu firum góð.

Mær verðr mönnum mest traust og sönn líkn og víst hæsta hald, hverjum sem er þörf. Öll drótt ætti unna þier fyrir miskunn; þínar þjóðir hafa þess raun; ertu góð firum.

The maiden will be to men the greatest protection and true comfort and certainly the noblest support, for whoever has a need. All people should love you for your mercy; your peoples have experience of it; you are kind to men.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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