skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þstf Stuttdr 5II/1 — mun ‘will’

Ey mun uppi
Endils, meðan stendr
sólborgar salr,
svǫrgœðis fǫr.
Þú hefr í vátri,
vegsamr, þvegizk,
geirs gnýstœrir,
gráns, Jórðáni.

Fǫr Endils svǫrgœðis mun ey uppi, meðan salr sólborgar stendr. Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir, þú hefr þvegizk í vátri Jórðáni.

The journey of the fattener of Endill’s <sea-king’s> bird [(lit. ‘bird-fattener of Endill’) RAVEN/EAGLE > WARRIOR] will always be remembered as long as the hall of the sun’s stronghold [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH] remains. Glorious increaser of the clash of the grey spear [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR], you have washed yourself in the watery River Jordan.

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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