skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Stúfr Stúfdr 2II/1 — inn ‘The’

Fór ofrhugi inn øfri
eggdjarfr und sik leggja
— fold vas víga valdi
virk — Jórsali ór Girkjum.
Ok með œrnu ríki
óbrunnin kom gunnar
heimil jǫrð und herði.
Hafi ríks, þars vel líkar.

Inn øfri ofrhugi fór eggdjarfr ór Girkjum leggja und sik Jórsali; fold vas virk valdi víga. Ok með œrnu ríki kom heimil jǫrð óbrunnin und herði gunnar. Hafi ríks, þars vel líkar….

The very reckless one set out, sword-daring, from the Greeks to subjugate Jerusalem; the country was submissive to the controller of combats [WARRIOR]. And because of his abundant force the land was delivered as his due, unburned, to the strengthener of battle [WARRIOR]. May the powerful have, where it is good to be….

readings

[1] ofrhugi inn: so , 39, F, E, J2ˣ, ofrhuginn Mork, H, Hr, ‘ofrhugrinn’ Flat, ‘ofruginn’ FskBˣ, ‘ofrughin’ FskAˣ

notes

[1] inn øfri ‘the very’: Lit. ‘the higher’. This comp. adj. is used in a figurative sense (‘the one who has the upper hand’).

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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