skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Óldr 8II/5 — mun ‘will’

Ǫll biðr Egða stillir
eggdjarfra lið seggja
sund fyr sínu landi
sóknǫrr stika dǫrrum.
Jǫrð mun eigi verða
auðsótt Fila dróttins
sǫngherðǫndum sverða.
Sik beztan gram miklu.

Sóknǫrr stillir Egða biðr lið eggdjarfra seggja stika ǫll sund fyr landi sínu dǫrrum; jǫrð dróttins Fila mun eigi verða auðsótt sverða sǫngherðǫndum. …Sik miklu beztan gram….

The battle-generous ruler of the Egðir [NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr] bids the band of edge-fierce warriors barricade all inlets along his country with spears; the land of the lord of the Filir [NORWEGIAN KING = Óláfr] will not be easy to conquer for the strengtheners of swords’ song [(lit. ‘swords’ song-strengtheners’) BATTLE > WARRIORS]. …Himself [to be] the very best ruler….

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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