skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Berv 4II/1 — inn

Gekk við móð inn mikla,
Magnús, allt í gǫgnum
ferð, þars flotnar bǫrðusk,
faðir þinn liði sínu.
Varði hart, en hjǫrtu
hugfull við þat skullu,
(Ôláfr réð svá) jǫfra
erfðir (framm at hverfa).

Magnús, faðir þinn gekk við inn mikla móð liði sínu allt í gǫgnum ferð, þars flotnar bǫrðusk. Varði hart erfðir jǫfra, en hugfull hjǫrtu skullu við þat; Ôláfr réð at hverfa framm svá.

Magnús, your father went with great spirit with his company all through the throng where sea-warriors fought. He defended the inheritance of princes fiercely, and high-mettled hearts beat hard at that; Óláfr pushed forwards thus.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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