skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Okík Magn 3II/8 — fǫrum ‘ we wander around’

Mák, síz Magnúss ævi
móðfíkins þraut góða
— Odd hafa stríð of staddan —
stillis, harða illa.
Hvarflak hvers manns þurfi;
harmr strangr fær mér angrat;
þjóðs at dǫgling dauðan
dǫpr; því fǫrum * aprir.

Mák harða illa, síz ævi Magnúss góða, móðfíkins stillis, þraut; stríð hafa of staddan Odd. Hvarflak þurfi hvers manns; strangr harmr fær mér angrat; þjóðs dǫpr at dauðan dǫgling; því fǫrum * aprir.

I feel sorely grieved since the life of Magnús the good, the valour-greedy lord, came to a close; sorrows have brought Oddr down. I roam around in need of company; strong grief besets me; people are mournful about the dead monarch; therefore we wander around downcast.

readings

[8] fǫrum *: fǫrum vér H, Flat, vrum Hr

notes

[8] fǫrum * (1st pers. pl. pres. indic.) ‘we wander around’: The pron. vér ‘we’ (nom.) has been omitted because it renders the l. unmetrical (so also Skald; Skj B retains the pron.). The Hr variant (vrum ‘we were’) is unmetrical and clearly secondary.

grammar

Verbs: Strong Verbs

The stem of the subjunctive pl. is i-mutation of the indicative pl..

lúka ‘shut, end’



Indicative Subjunctive


Present Past Present Past

Active voice
sing. 1
2
3
lýk
lýkr
lýkr
lauk
laukt
lauk
lúka
lúkir
lúki
lyka
lykir
lyki
pl. 1
2
3
lúkum
lúkið
lúka
lukum
lukuð
luku
lúkim
lúkið
lúki
lykim
lykið
lyki
infinitive
pres. part.
past part.
lúka
lúkandi
lúkinn, lúkin, lúkit

Middle voice
sing. 1
2
3
lýkumk
lýksk
lýksk
laukumk
laukzk
lauksk
lúkumk
lúkisk
lúkisk
lykumk
lykisk
lykisk
pl. 1
2
3
lúkumk
lúkizk
lúkask
lukumk
lukuzk
lukusk
lúkimk
lúkizk
lúkisk
lykimk
lykizk
lykisk
infinitive
pres. part.
past part.
lúkask
lúkandisk
lúkizk
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