skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ník Jóndr 1VII/3 — ins ‘the’

Unni allra manna
alskýrr ok mey dýrri
heilagr Kristr ins hæsta
hreinlífis þér einum.
Valði heims ok hǫlða
hauksnjallr konungr allrar
sér til sýslu stjóra
sárvæginn þik frægjan.

Alskýrr heilagr Kristr unni þér einum allra manna ok dýrri mey ins hæsta hreinlífis. Hauksnjallr konungr heims ok hǫlða, sárvæginn, valði þik frægjan sér til stjóra allrar sýslu.

Completely pure [and] holy Christ granted to you alone of all men and to the precious maiden the highest degree of chastity. Courageous as a hawk the king of the world and men, merciful to sin[ners] [= God], chose you, famous one, for himself as steward of all business.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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