skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Mark Eirdr 26II/5 — ins ‘the’

Lýst skal hitt, es læknask fýstisk
liðhraustr konungr sôr in iðri;
norðan fór með helming harðan
hersa mœðir sôl at grœða.
Harri bjósk til heims ins dýrra;
hann gerði fǫr út at kanna
— buðlungr vildi bjart líf ǫðlask —
byggð Jórsala friði tryggða.

Hitt skal lýst, es liðhraustr konungr fýstisk læknask in iðri sôr; mœðir hersa fór norðan með harðan helming at grœða sôl. Harri bjósk til ins dýrra heims; hann gerði fǫr út at kanna byggð Jórsala, tryggða friði; buðlungr vildi ǫðlask bjart líf.

It shall be made clear, that the troop-bold king was eager to cure his inner wounds; the troubler of hersar [RULER = Eiríkr] travelled from the north with a fierce unit to heal his soul. The lord prepared himself for the better world; he made his way out to explore the settlement of Jerusalem, secured with peace; the prince wished to gain a glorious life.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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