skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kolli Ingdr 3II/1 — munk ‘I shall’

Lýsa munk, hvé ljósa
— laut hrafn í ben Gauta —
— ǫrn fylldit sik sjaldan —
sárísa rauð vísi.
Goldit varð, þeims gerðu,
glaumherðǫndum sverða,
— rauns at ríki þínu —
róg, á Krókaskógi.

Munk lýsa, hvé vísi rauð ljósa sárísa; hrafn laut í ben Gauta; ǫrn fylldit sik sjaldan. Sverða glaumherðǫndum, þeims gerðu róg, varð goldit á Krókaskógi; rauns at ríki þínu.

I shall describe how the ruler reddened bright wound-icicles [SWORDS]; the raven bent over the wounds of the Gautar; not seldom did the eagle sate itself. The strengtheners of the racket of swords [(lit. ‘racket-strengtheners of swords’) BATTLE > WARRIORS] who caused strife were repaid in Sörbygden; there is proof of your power.

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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