skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ív Sig 32II/3 — it ‘on the’

Herskildi fór        harri Sygna
allt it ýtra        eyjar ok strandir.

Harri Sygna fór herskildi eyjar ok strandir allt it ýtra.

The lord of the Sygnir [NORWEGIAN KING = Sigurðr] went with the war-shield on the outer course all the way beyond islands and shores.

notes

[3] it ýtra ‘on the outer course’: Used adverbially here with eyjar ok strandir ‘islands and shores’ as an acc. of place. It ýtra ‘the outer course’ means that the ships sailed outside the coastal islands, and opposed to it innra ‘the inner course’ which would place them on the inner side of the islands.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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