skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hharð Lv 6II/1 — inn ‘the’

Hér sék upp inn ǫrva
Einar, þanns kann skeina
þjalfa, þambarskelfi,
þangs, fjǫlmennan ganga.
Fullafli bíðr fyllar
(finnk opt at drífr minna)
hilmis stóls (á hæla
húskarla lið jarli).

Hér sék inn ǫrva Einar þambarskelfi, þanns kann skeina þjalfa þangs, ganga upp fjǫlmennan. Fullafli bíðr fyllar stóls hilmis; finnk opt, at minna lið húskarla drífr á hæla jarli.

Here I see the bold Einarr þambarskelfir (‘Paunch-shaker’ (?)), who knows how to furrow the enclosure of sea-weed [SEA], disembark with many men. The powerful one awaits the occupancy of the king’s throne; I often find that a lesser host of housecarls trails at the heels of a jarl.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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