skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Halli XI Fl 6II/1 — Hitt ‘this’

Hitt hefk heyrt, at setti
Haraldr ok Sveinn við meinum
— guð sýslir þat — gísla
glaðr hvárrtveggi ǫðrum.
Þeir haldi svá sœrum
— sôtt lauksk þar með vôttum —
ok ǫllum frið fullum,
ferð at hvôrgi skerði.

Hefk heyrt hitt, at Haraldr ok Sveinn setti gísla við meinum, hvárrtveggi glaðr ǫðrum; guð sýslir þat. Haldi þeir sœrum ok ǫllum fullum frið svá, at hvôrgi ferð skerði; sôtt lauksk þar með vôttum.

I have heard this, that Haraldr and Sveinn assigned hostages against damages, each one gladly with the other; God sees to that. May they keep their oaths and the entire full peace so that neither contingent may violate it; the settlement was concluded there with witnesses.

notes

[1] hefk heyrt hitt ‘I have heard this’: The poet reverts from the immediacy of the previous sts to a time-honoured formula.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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