skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 46VII/5 — mun ‘will’

Enn lætk sagðan svinnum
sárklungrs viðum þungan
hôtt, þats hvern dag ættim
hræðask, framm í kvæði.
Þjóð mun sýna síðan
slœmr miskunnar dœmi,
— ek skylda þó aldri
ugglauss — þaus mik hugga.

Enn lætk sagðan framm í kvæði svinnum viðum sárklungrs þungan hôtt, þats ættim hræðask hvern dag. Slœmr mun síðan sýna þjóð dœmi miskunnar, þaus hugga mik — ek skylda þó aldri ugglauss.

Further I will relate in the poem to the wise trees of the wound-thorn [SWORD > WARRIORS], the oppressive way of life concerning that which we should fear every day. The slœmr will then show people examples of mercy, which comfort me — yet I ought never [be] without fear.

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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