skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 28VII/1 — ins ‘of the’

Hilmir, reist, ins hæsta
hríðtjalds, ór grǫf síðan,
flýtileygs, á frægjum,
friðsamr, degi þriðja,
ok rá*ðvísa, ræsir
regnhallar, vannt fegna,
áðr þás yðvarr dauði,
aldyggr, fira hryggði.

Friðsamr hilmir flýtileygs ins hæsta hríðtjalds, reist síðan ór grǫf á frægjum þriðja degi, ok, aldyggr ræsir regnhallar, vannt fegna rá*ðvísa fira, þás yðvarr dauði hryggði áðr.

Peaceful prince of the swift fire of the highest storm-tent [SKY/HEAVEN > SUN > = God (= Christ)], you rose then from the grave on the famous third day, and, altogether honourable king of the rain-hall [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], you made glad the counsel-wise people whom your death had saddened previously.

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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