skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 63VII/1 — hinn ‘the’

Signað ljós, hinn sæti Jésú,
sannr lífgari dauðra manna,
dragðu mig frá djöfla bygðum,
drottinn blíðr, og halt mier síðan.
Æfinliga með lyftum lófum,
lof ræðandi, á knie sín bæði
skepnan öll er skyld að falla,
skapari minn, fyrir ásjón þinni.

Signað ljós, hinn sæti Jésú, sannr lífgari dauðra manna, dragðu mig frá djöfla bygðum, blíðr drottinn, og halt mier síðan. Æfinliga með lyftum lófum, er öll skepnan, ræðandi lof, skyld að falla á bæði knie sín, skapari minn, fyrir ásjón þinni.

Blessed light, the sweet Jesus, true life-giver of dead men [= God (= Christ)], draw me from devils’ abodes, gentle Lord, and keep me henceforth. Unceasingly, with lifted hands, uttering praise, all creation should fall on both its knees, my Creator, before your face.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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