skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 45VII/7 — hin ‘the’

Friett hefir eg, að freistar drottins
föstumóðs á ýmsum löstum
púkans slægð, er hvern mann hugðiz
hrekkjum vanr, í synd að blekkja.
Vielakrings á vöfðum streingjum
vundin oft, en sneruz á lofti,
skeytin öll hin flærðarfullu
fjandans brjóst í gegnum standa.

Eg hefir friett, að slægð púkans freistar drottins, föstumóðs, á ýmsum löstum, er, vanr hrekkjum, hugðiz að blekkja hvern mann í synd. Öll hin flærðarfullu skeytin vielakrings fjandans, oft vundin á vöfðum streingjum, standa í gegnum brjóst en sneruz á lofti.

I have heard that the sleight of the devil tempts the Lord, weary from fasting, in various faults, he who, accustomed to tricks, thinks to entice every man to sin. All the treacherous darts of the enemy, deft at deceit, often fired with twisted bow-strings pierce his own breast and turn in the air.

readings

[7] hin: ens 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, hvis 4892

notes

[7] öll hin flærðarfullu skeytin ‘all the treacherous darts’: In this reading the noun skeyti is made definite by both the free-standing definite article hin and the suffix –in. See Haugen’s discussion (2001, 268, §17.3.1) of dobbel bestemming ‘double definiteness’. This reading, peculiar to Bb, is followed in the eds of Wisén (1886-9, I), Eiríkur Magnússon (1870), and Guðbrandur Jónsson (1933, 1951, 1992). Skj B and Skald follow the majority mss’ ens flærðarfulla which qualifies fjanda in l. 8, ens flærðarfulla fjanda ‘of the treacherous devil’.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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