skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 21VII/7 — inn ‘the’

Heimr er dauðr, en hvað er til ráða?
Hvar gietr þann, er sier megi bjarga?
Hvergi, því að í synda saurgan
sannliga, hverr að þyngir annan.
Eitt er til, það er eg skal vátta,
— á eg grátandi frammi að standa —
attú sjálfr, inn dýri drottinn,
dugir nú ferð, svá lífguð verði.

Heimr er dauðr, en hvað er til ráða? Hvar gietr þann, er megi bjarga sier? Hvergi, því að í saurgan synda sannliga, að hverr þyngir annan. Eitt er til, það er eg skal vátta — á eg að standa frammi grátandi — attú sjálfr, inn dýri drottinn, dugir nú ferð, svá lífguð verði.

The world is dead, and what remedy is there? Where is to be found the one who can save himself? Nowhere, because in the defilement of sins truly [it is] that each weighs down the other. There is one thing to be done, that which I shall attest — I must stand forth weeping —, that you yourself, the dear Lord, will now help mankind, so that it may be revived.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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