skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Ingdr 1II/3 — inn ‘en’

Frák við Holm at heyja
hildinga* framm gingu
(lind varð grœn) inn grána
geirþing (í tvau springa).

Frák hildinga* gingu framm við Holm inn grána at heyja geirþing; grœn lind varð springa í tvau.

I heard the rulers advanced near Holmengrå to hold a spear-assembly [BATTLE]; the green linden-shield had to split in two.

readings

[3] inn grána: margna , ‘hin [...]’ B, ‘hin grunna’ 744ˣ

notes

[1, 3] Holm inn grána ‘Holmengrå’: An island in Hvaler, off the western coast of present-day Sweden. The battle of Holmengrå, fought by the allies Sigurðr slembidjákn ‘Fortuitous-deacon’ (?) Magnússon and Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson against the troops of Ingi and Sigurðr Haraldssynir, took place on 12 November 1139. See also Ív Sig 34-45, Balti Sigdr, and Kolli Ingdr 4-5.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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