skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Harsonkv 1II/8 — in

Auð gefr Eysteinn lýðum;
eykr hjaldr Sigurðr skjaldar;
lætr Ingi slǫg syngva;
semr Magnús frið bragna.
Fjǫldýrs (hafa fjórir)
folktjald (komit aldri)
rýðr bragnings kyn blóði
(brœðr und sól in œðri).

Eysteinn gefr lýðum auð; Sigurðr eykr hjaldr skjaldar; Ingi lætr slǫg syngva; Magnús semr frið bragna. Kyn fjǫldýrs bragnings rýðr folktjald blóði; aldri hafa fjórir brœðr in œðri komit und sól.

Eysteinn gives people wealth; Sigurðr increases the noise of the shield [BATTLE]; Ingi lets weapons sing; Magnús creates concord between men. The kin of the very precious ruler reddens the battle-tent [SHIELD] with blood; never have four more distinguished brothers appeared beneath the sun.

readings

[8] sól in (‘sol hin’): sólu F, sól en E, Hr, sól enn J2ˣ, H, sól er 42ˣ

notes

[8] in œðri ‘more distinguished’: In is an intensifying adv. placed before comp. adjectives (see Heggstad, Hødnebø and Simensen, 1997: enn adv. 5). The more common form of this adv. is enn, but it was weakened to in in unstressed position.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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