skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 61VII/7 — munu ‘will be’

Leyfðrs, sás lét of stýfðrar
lamins fótar, gramr, njóta
ítran þegn sem augna
út stunginna ok tungu.
Hǫnd Óláfs vann heilan
hreins gǫrvallra meina
(gǫr munu gjǫld, þeims byrja)
guðs þræl (ǫfugmæli).

Leyfðrs gramr, sás lét ítran þegn njóta lamins fótar sem út stunginna augna ok of stýfðrar tungu. Hǫnd hreins Óláfs vann guðs þræl heilan gǫrvallra meina; gǫr munu gjǫld, þeims byrja ǫfugmæli.

Praised is the king who let the excellent man enjoy his lame leg, as well as his stabbed-out eyes and cut-off tongue. The hand of pure Óláfr healed God’s servant [PRIEST] of all his injuries; ample will be the payments for those who spread slander.

notes

[7-8]: Einarr expresses similar admonitory sentiments in sts 17 and 37, but his tone here is uncharacteristically sharp. The comment may have been ad hominem: Einarr does not use names, but his audience must have known that the assault on the priest Ríkarðr was linked to Sigurðr munnr’s family, and the two brothers Einarr and Andréas may themselves have been present.

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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