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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 6VII/2 — gjafar ‘the gifts’

Veitti dýrðar dróttinn
dáðvandr gjafar anda;
(môl kynnask þau) mǫnnum
máttigs (framir vátta).
Þá reis upp, sús einum,
alþýð, guði hlýðir,
— hæstr skjǫldungr býðr hauldum
himinvistar til — kristni.

Dáðvandr dróttinn dýrðar veitti mǫnnum gjafar máttigs anda; framir kynnask þau môl vátta. Þá reis alþýð kristni upp, sús hlýðir einum guði; hæstr skjǫldungr býðr hauldum til himinvistar.

The carefully-acting lord of glory [= God] gave to men the gifts of the mighty spirit; excellent men study those sayings of witnesses [SCRIPTURES]. Then universal Christendom rose up, that obeys one God; the highest prince invites men to heavenly hospitality.


[2] gjafar: so Bb, gjafir Flat


[2, 4] gjafar máttigs anda ‘the gifts of the mighty spirit’: A theological commonplace (dona Spiritus Sancti). Throughout the Middle Ages and beyond the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit figure prominently in pious exercises and theological systems.



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