skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 41VII/1 — it ‘the one’

Sótti skrín it skreytta
skíðrennandi síðan
— orð finnask mér — unnar
Óláfs dreka bóli,
ok þeim, es vel vakði
(veitk sǫnn) Hugins teiti,
máls fekk hilmir heilsu
heilagr (á því deili).

Unnar skíðrennandi sótti síðan Óláfs skrín it skreytta bóli dreka; orð finnask mér; ok heilagr hilmir fekk heilsu máls þeim, es vel vakði teiti Hugins; veitk sǫnn deili á því.

The runner of the ski of the wave [(lit. ‘ski-runner of the wave’) SHIP > SEAFARER] then sought Óláfr’s shrine, the one ornamented with the dwelling of the dragon [GOLD]; words come to me; and the holy prince got the health of speech for that man who had well aroused the gladness of Huginn <raven>; I know true proof of that.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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