skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 27VII/2 — ins ‘the’

Fǫður skulum fultings biðja
(fremðarþjóð) ins góða
(mœðir mart á láði)
Magnúss hvatir bragnar.
Greitt má gumnum létta
guðs ríðari stríðum;
rǫskr þiggr allt, sem œskir,
Óláfr af gram sólar.

Hvatir bragnar skulum biðja fultings fǫður Magnúss ins góða; mart mœðir fremðarþjóð á láði. Guðs ríðari má greitt létta stríðum gumnum; rǫskr Óláfr þiggr allt, sem œskir, af gram sólar.

We brave men should pray for help to the father of Magnús the Good [= Óláfr]; much afflicts the valiant people in the land. God’s knight [SAINT = Óláfr] can easily alleviate afflictions for men; brave Óláfr gets all he desires from the king of the sun [= God].

readings

[2] ins: inn Bb

notes

[1, 2, 4] fǫður Magnúss ins góða ‘the father of Magnús the Good’: The epithet for Óláfr anticipates the miracle described in sts 28-30.

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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