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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Blakkr Lv 2II/7 — vas ‘was’

Ǫld man hitt, at hœldusk
(hvatir guldu þess skatnar)
fyrr (ór flokki þeira)
foraðstungur Kuflunga.
Nú kná bergs í bjǫrgum
— búk reiðir lô sjúkan —
— mettr vas hrafn í Hrotti —
hóts annan veg þjóta.

Ǫld man hitt, at foraðstungur Kuflunga hœldusk fyrr; hvatir skatnar ór flokki þeira guldu þess. Nú kná þjóta hóts annan veg í bjǫrgum bergs; lô reiðir sjúkan búk; hrafn vas mettr í Hrotti.

People remember this, that the terrifying tongues of the Kuflungar boasted earlier; bold warriors from their band paid for that. Now it howls quite differently in the stones of the mountain; the sea tosses the wounded torso; the raven was sated in Rott.

readings

[7] vas (‘var’): varð Flat

notes

[7] vas ‘was’: Both Skj B and Skald adopt the Flat variant varð ‘became’.

grammar

Irregular verbs: vera (to be)

indic.subj.
pres.pastpres.past
sing.


pl.
1
2
3
1
2
3
em
ert
er
erum
eruð
eru
var
vart
var
várum
váruð
váru

sér

sém
séð
væra
værir
væri
værim
værið
væri
imperative
past part.
ver, verið
verit
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