skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bkrepp Magndr 1II/4 — farit ‘advanced’

Vítt lét Vǫrsa dróttinn
— varð skjótt rekinn flótti —
— hús sveið Hǫrða ræsir —
Halland farit brandi.
Brenndi buðlungr Þrœnda
— blés kastar hel fasta —
— vakði viskdœlsk ekkja —
víðs mǫrg herǫð síðan.

Dróttinn Vǫrsa lét Halland farit vítt brandi; flótti varð rekinn skjótt; ræsir Hǫrða sveið hús. Síðan brenndi buðlungr Þrœnda víðs mǫrg herǫð; hel kastar blés fasta; viskdœlsk ekkja vakði.

The lord of the Vǫrsar [NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús] advanced far and wide in Halland with the sword; the fleeing ones were pursued with haste; the ruler of the Hǫrðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús] scorched houses. Later the lord of the Þrœndir [NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús] burned a great many herǫð; the death of the wood pile [FIRE] breathed life into the blaze; the widow from Viskedal lay awake.

readings

[4] farit: varit Hr

notes

[1, 4] lét Halland farit vítt brandi ‘advanced far and wide in Halland with the sword’: For this meaning of fara, see LP: fara 4. See also st. 11/5-6 below and Sturl Hákfl 3/5-6.

grammar

Verbs: Strong Verbs

The stem of the subjunctive pl. is i-mutation of the indicative pl..

lúka ‘shut, end’



Indicative Subjunctive


Present Past Present Past

Active voice
sing. 1
2
3
lýk
lýkr
lýkr
lauk
laukt
lauk
lúka
lúkir
lúki
lyka
lykir
lyki
pl. 1
2
3
lúkum
lúkið
lúka
lukum
lukuð
luku
lúkim
lúkið
lúki
lykim
lykið
lyki
infinitive
pres. part.
past part.
lúka
lúkandi
lúkinn, lúkin, lúkit

Middle voice
sing. 1
2
3
lýkumk
lýksk
lýksk
laukumk
laukzk
lauksk
lúkumk
lúkisk
lúkisk
lykumk
lykisk
lykisk
pl. 1
2
3
lúkumk
lúkizk
lúkask
lukumk
lukuzk
lukusk
lúkimk
lúkizk
lúkisk
lykimk
lykizk
lykisk
infinitive
pres. part.
past part.
lúkask
lúkandisk
lúkizk
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