skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Vitn 19VII/7 — in ‘the’

‘Láttu, líknarmey dróttins,
leiðaz próf, þar er beiðig
þig, að eg þörfnumz eigi,
þín, riettinda minna.
Sýndu með sætleiks anda
sveit, er alt gott veitir,
hvárt, in hæsta birti,
hefir sannara við annað.’

‘Líknarmey dróttins, láttu leiðaz próf þín, þar er beiðig þig, að eg þörfnumz eigi riettinda minna. Sýndu, in hæsta birti, er veitir alt gott, sveit með anda sætleiks, hvárt hefir sannara við annað.’

‘Merciful Virgin of the Lord [= Mary], let your testimonies be brought forward because I beg you, so that I shall not be without my justice. You, the highest brightness, who offers everything good, show to the crowd with a spirit of sweetness which one has the law on their side against the other.’

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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