skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 9VII/3 — mundi ‘would’

Ekki þeir hugðu        Unnarr ok Sævaldi,
        at þeim mundi heill hrapa;
nöktir þeir urðu        ok næmðir hvervetna
        ok runnu sem vargar til viðar.

Þeir Unnarr ok Sævaldi hugðu ekki at heill mundi hrapa þeim; þeir urðu nöktir ok næmðir hvervetna, ok runnu sem vargar til viðar.

Unnarr and Sævaldi did not think that their good fortune would tumble down; they became naked and deprived everywhere, and ran like wolves to the woods.

notes

[3] þeim mundi heill hrapa ‘their good fortune would tumble down’: Although the sense is somewhat different, cf. Reg 25/6 illt er fyr heill at hrapa ‘it is bad to stumble when good fortune is needed’. According to LP: 3. heill, these two instances are the only collocations of heill and hrapa in the corpus. Njörður Njarðvík (1991, 180) suggests somewhat improbably that this may be evidence of a direct link between the two poems.

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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