skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 79VII/5 — in ‘the’

Hér eru þær rúnir,        sem ristit hafa
        Njarðar dætr níu,
Böðveig in elzta        ok Kreppvör in yngsta
        ok þeira systr sjau.

Hér eru þær rúnir sem níu dætr Njarðar hafa ristit, Böðveig in elzta ok Kreppvör in yngsta ok sjau systr þeira.

Here are the runes which the nine daughters of Njǫrðr have carved, Böðveig the eldest and Kreppvör the youngest and their seven sisters.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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