skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 5VII/1 — hinn ‘That one’

Upp hinn stóð;        ilt hann hugði;
        eigi var þarfsamliga þegit;
synð hans svall;        sofanda myrði
        fróðan fjölvaran.

Hinn stóð upp; hann hugði ilt; eigi var þegit þarfsamliga; synð hans svall; myrði fróðan fjölvaran sofanda.

That one [the guest] got up; he had evil in mind; it [the host’s generosity] was not received gratefully; his sin swelled up; he murdered the wise, very cautious sleeping man.

readings

[1] hinn: hann papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 155aˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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