skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 13VII/2 — inar ‘The’

Daprar þeim urðu        inar dimmu nætr;
        engan máttu þeir sætan sofa;
en af þeim harmi        rann heipt saman
        millum virktavina.

Inar dimmu nætr urðu þeim daprar; þeir máttu engan sætan sofa; en heipt rann saman af þeim harmi millum virktavina.

The dark nights became gloomy for them; they could sleep no sweet [sleep]; but enmity sprang up from that grief between those affectionate friends.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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