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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 59VII/5 — inn ‘the’

Inn bað með sér svinnan
snarfengr í hof þengill
— ítr hnekkir stóð úti
angrsPlácitum ganga.
‘Blót’, kvað gramr inn grimmi,
gagni í sókn ok fagna
kvôn hittir þú

Snarfengr þengill bað svinnan Plácitum ganga með sér inn í hof; ítr hnekkir angrs stóð úti. ‘Blót’, kvað inn grimmi gramr, ‘ok fagna gagni í sókn; þú hittir kvôn

The vigorous prince told the wise Plácitus to go with him into the temple; the glorious subduer of sin [HOLY MAN] stood outside. ‘Sacrifice’, said the fierce king, ‘and rejoice for your victory in battle; you found your wife ...’

readings

[5, 6] inn grimmi gagni í sókn: ‘[...]isocn’ 673b, 673bFJ, ‘[...]socn’ 673bÞH, ‘[...]son’ 673bHE

notes

[5-6] inn grimmi ... gagni ‘the fierce ... for your victory’: Emendation proposed by Finnur Jónsson 1887.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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