skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pét 4VII/6 — hinna ‘those [vices]’

Gróf, sá er græðgi reifir,
grandafullur andi
brjóst, og bar inn löstu
brúkum, mitt ið sjúka,
saman þó loðir með lími
lífs hinna fyr innan;
það er ván guðligs gróða
græn fyr Pétri bænir.

Grandafullur andi, sá er reifir græðgi, gróf ið sjúka brjóst mitt, og bar inn löstu brúkum, þó loðir saman fyr innan hinna með lífs lími; það er græn ván guðligs gróða fyr Pétri bænir.

The harmful spirit, who promotes greed, bored into my sick breast, and carried in vices in heaps, yet within those [vices] it cleaves together with the mortar of life; that is the green hope of godly growth through Peter’s prayers.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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