skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pét 23VII/5 — inn ‘the’

Svaraði Símón dýrum
sólranns kóngi þannveg
einarðar- fystr -orði
— orð það er þarfligast vorðið —
‘Þú ert Kristr inn kæsti
kunnr af hjálpar brunni
lifandi sonr guðs sendur
sannr og eins nie annars’.

Fystr svaraði Símón dýrum kóngi sólranns einarðarorði þannveg — það orð er vorðið þarfligast — : ‘Þú ert inn kæsti Kristr, kunnr af brunni hjálpar, sendur sannr sonr lifandi og eins guðs nie annars’.

Simon first answered the precious king of the sun-hall [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)] with a statement of sincerity thus — that remark has become most salutary — : ‘You are the most beloved Christ, known for the spring of salvation, sent [as] the true son of the living and one God and of no other’.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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