skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pét 11VII/5 — hinn ‘The one’

Jónas sonr var Símón
sannr og Andréas annarr;
forðaz hórdóm harðan
háðs þverrendur báðir.
Átti hinn með hætti
hyrs, að nefndum fyrri,
grund, þvíað gæfa sendiz,
gjálfrs, af drotni sjálfum.

Símón var sannr sonr Jónas og Andréas annarr; báðir þverrendur háðs forðaz harðan hórdóm. Hinn, að nefndum fyrri, átti með hætti grund gjálfrs hyrs, þvíað gæfa sendiz af drotni sjálfum.

Simon was the true son of Jona and Andrew [was] the second; both diminishers of scorn [HOLY MEN] avoid injurious whoredom. The one we named first was married decently to a land of the ocean’s fire [GOLD > WOMAN], because grace was sent [to him] from the Lord himself.

notes

[5-6] hinn, að nefndum fyrri ‘the one we named first’: For other examples of rel. particle, see sts 10/8, 35/8, 36/4 and Notes.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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