skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 7II/8 — ins ‘the’

Átti gramr,
sás gjafir veitti,
barna mart,
þaus biðu þroska.
Því kømr hvers
til Haralds síðan
skjǫldungs kyn
ins skararfagra.

Gramr, sás veitti gjafir, átti mart barna, þaus biðu þroska. Því kømr kyn hvers skjǫldungs síðan til Haralds ins skararfagra.

The monarch, who gave gifts, had many children who reached maturity. Therefore the kin of each ruler since is traced to Haraldr the fair-haired.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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