skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 46II/2 — inn ‘inn’

Varð Óláfr
ungr inn góði
lofsæll fyrstr
líf at missa.
Môttu þess
Magnúss sonar
skamma stund
skatnar njóta.

Lofsæll, ungr Óláfr inn góði varð fyrstr at missa líf. Skatnar môttu njóta þess sonar Magnúss skamma stund.

The glorious, young Óláfr inn góði (‘the Good’) was the first to lose his life. People were able to enjoy that son of Magnús [= Óláfr] for a short time.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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