skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 4II/4 — inn ‘inn’

Tók kappsamr
við konungsnafni
Haraldr brátt
inn hárfagri,
þás Halfdan
hafði drukknat
í hœings
hallar næfri.

Kappsamr Haraldr inn hárfagri tók brátt við konungsnafni, þás Halfdan hafði drukknat í næfri hallar hœings.

Vigorous Haraldr inn hárfagri (‘the Fair-haired’) at once received the title of king when Hálfdan had drowned in the roof-shingle of the salmon’s hall [WATER > ICE].

notes

[4] inn hárfagri ‘(“the Fair-haired”)’: Haraldr had vowed not to cut his hair before he became sole ruler of Norway, and his thick and tangled locks earned him the nickname lúfa ‘Shaggy-locks’. Once his sovereignty had been established, he had his hair cut and received the new nickname hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’ on account of his beautiful hair. See Ágr (ÍF 29, 3), Fsk (ÍF 29, 70), HhárfHkr (ÍF 26, 122).

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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