skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 29II/2 — inn ‘inn’

Bar kappsamr
Knútr inn ríki
bjartan seim
und búendr marga.
Sparði lítt
við lenda menn
auð, til þess
at * jǫfur vélti.

Kappsamr Knútr inn ríki bar bjartan seim und marga búendr. Sparði lítt auð við lenda menn, til þess at * vélti jǫfur.

Vigorous Knútr inn ríki (‘the Mighty’) distributed bright gold among many farmers. He hardly withheld wealth from the district chieftains to the end that they should betray the prince.

notes

[2] Knútr inn ríki ‘(“the Mighty”)’: Knútr Sveinsson (Cnut the Great), king of Denmark and England (d. 13 November 1035). Knútr bribed the Norw. chieftains to join his cause. See Theodoricus (MHN 30-1), Ágr (ÍF 29, 27), Fsk (ÍF 29, 190), ÓHHkr (ÍF 27, 288).

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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