skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv III 28VII/3 — muntu ‘you will’

Máría, ertu sköpuð skær,
skærust, og guði kær;
kæran, muntu duga, dýr,
dýru fólki, lofskýr.
Skýrust má; sektsár
sárin láttu gróa vár;
vára kenni eg nauð nær;
næri vertu, guðs mær.

Skærust Máría, ertu sköpuð skær og kær guði; dýr kæran, muntu duga dýru fólki, lofskýr. Skýrust má; láttu sektsár sárin vár gróa; eg kenni nauð vára nær; vertu næri, mær guðs.

Luminous Mary, you are created luminous and dear to God; precious darling, you will help precious people, praise-bright. The brightest one is powerful; let our guilt-sore sores heal; I feel that our distress is near; be nearby, Virgin of God [= Mary].

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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