skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv III 12VII/1 — hinn ‘The one’

Hrópar hinn, er gaf glæp,
og greinir þegar klerks mein;
löstu berr á loft fast;
ló hann við mart þó,
áðr himins björt brúðr
borgið fekk hans sorg;
er af rótum riettlát
runnin upp við miskunn.

Hinn hrópar, er gaf glæp, og greinir þegar mein klerks; berr löstu fast á loft; hann ló við mart þó, áðr björt brúðr himins fekk borgið sorg hans; riettlát er runnin upp af rótum við miskunn.

The one who gave sin shouts, and at once explains the cleric’s offences; he spreads the sins ardently into the air; he lied about much, though, before the bright bride of heaven [= Mary] could mitigate the man’s misery; the just one is infused from the roots with mercy.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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