skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv I 20VII/7 — inn ‘the’

Hlóðu bál að brúði,
brann umhverfis svanna
allr, á víðum velli,
viðköstur í fasta.
Vald Máríu völdugt
vinnr syndugri kvinnu
bót, svá að hyrr inn heiti
hlífir frúinnar lífi.

Hlóðu bál að brúði á víðum velli; allr viðköstur brann í fasta umhverfis svanna. Völdugt vald Máríu vinnr bót syndugri kvinnu, svá að inn heiti hyrr hlífir lífi frúinnar.

They stacked a pyre about the lady on a wide field; the entire woodpile burned in flame around the woman. The powerful power of Mary provides help for the sinful woman so that the hot fire spares the life of the lady.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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